Diet with pyelonephritis
Any patient having a chronic disease is almost always necessary to adhere to a particular way of eating. Patients with acute or chronic pyelonephritis is no exception. If pyelonephritis, in principle, offset, ie, is not accompanied by swelling, high blood pressure, a significant release of urine protein, the power of the patient does not differ from the power of a healthy person.
Preference in the diet with pyelonephritis in adults should be given to milk-vegetable diet, allowed meat and boiled fish. The daily diet can include vegetable dishes (carrots, potatoes, cabbage, beets), fruits rich in potassium and vitamin C, P, V (apples, raisins, figs, apricots), milk and dairy products (cheese, cream, milk, yogurt , cream, yogurt). Allowed eggs. The daily energy value of the diet of 2000-2500 kcal.
The restriction imposed on the period of relapse. It is strictly prohibited sharp flavored dishes, smoked products, ie those products which contain extractives. There are many substances in some meat and fish dishes prepared in a certain way (fried, grilled), mushrooms, rich broth, spinach, onions and garlic, horseradish, organic coffee. Therefore, all these products can be used is very limited. This is especially true diet with pyelonephritis in pregnant women and children.
In the absence of complications and symptoms of chronic renal failure (renal failure), with a diet with pyelonephritis, adults are allowed to drink 2-3 liters of fluid every day. Especially useful cranberry juice and juice, as Cranberry has a strong antiseptic effect and promotes the relief of inflammation of the kidneys and urinary tract.
Prohibited the use of copious amounts of fluid when the violation was exacerbated patency of the urinary tract and the urinary outflow obstruction or with concomitant hypertension.
During exacerbation of the disease in adults, a diet with pyelonephritis observe more strictly. Significantly limit the use of salt: 5-6 g / day. When the amount of the outflow of urine difficulty even more reduced: up to 4 years
Without exacerbation is subject to a diet with pyelonephritis 12-15 grams of salt per day.
Advantageously patients with chronic pyelonephritis once a month for 2-3 days to use specially products acidifying urine pH (flour, bread, meat, eggs), followed by 2-3 days basifying (fruit, vegetable dishes, milk). The sharp change in pH of the urine creates a hostile environment for life pathogens.
Sample menu diet with pyelonephritis in children
Diet diet pyelonephritis:
- Breakfast: milk semolina, a piece of cheese, tea, sugar and biscuits.
- Lunch: vegetable soup, boiled potatoes with a piece of boiled meat, stewed fruit, apricot.
- Afternoon snack: yogurt, cookies (you can Butter), apple (pear).
- Dinner: Cottage cheese casserole, tea (with sugar), bread.
The liquid limit is not necessary. The exceptions are drinks like Fanta, Pepsi, and other carbonated beverages.
Open to all kinds of meat (depending on the age of the child). It is desirable that all the meat dishes were boiled in a pinch, you can bake (without browning). The same applies to fish.
Allowed as a garnish all cereals, potatoes. Encouraged fruit and vegetable dishes, pasta, pastries, etc.
The only condition - the restriction smoked, marinades, ie those products which can irritate the damaged epithelium of the tubules of the kidneys.
It is important that the diet with pyelonephritis in children does not mean giving up sweets: caramel possible, marshmallows, candy, jam, honey. An exception is the chocolate. However, if the mother will try in the preparation of sweet dishes, the child will not feel this restriction.
Welcome milk and milk products. Firstly, it is a source necessary for normal growth of the child's calcium and phosphorus. Secondly, the milk has a certain diuretic activity. Thirdly, dairy products sufficiently digested and absorbed by the digestive system of a child. Almost essential for the child, as well as for any patient on a diet with pyelonephritis, dairy products. They contain beneficial lactobacilli, reducing the normal intestinal microflora. This is particularly necessary after the course of antibiotic treatment, which hold almost necessary when pyelonephritis. Well give your child every day at least something sour milk: acidophilus, yogurt, fermented baked milk.
Also be sure to include in the diet of eggs. Even in the period of exacerbation are necessary for normal growth of the child. What amount should be included in the diet menu in pyelonephritis, depends solely on the age of the little patient.
Diet of pregnant women with pyelonephritis
Pyelonephritis during pregnancy and the postpartum period - is not uncommon. Features of hormonal changes the body, growing fruit, etc. adversely affect the anatomy of the urinary tract, which leads to disruption of the normal flow of urine and increase the likelihood of inflammation.
With a diet of pregnant women with pyelonephritis should be remembered that the power of a pregnant woman should be complete and correct.
For most pregnant women, even without pyelonephritis have a predisposition to the appearance of edema, and some observed increase in blood pressure, as a manifestation of preeclampsia. Such women are particularly important for some restriction of fluid and salt. In marked gestoze some salt-free diet is recommended for pregnant or holding 1 per week fasting day.
Reduce the amount of liquid to 800 ml per day, and sometimes even less.
Also, be aware that during pregnancy disrupted gastrointestinal tract. There is a tendency to constipation, may on this background the development of hemorrhoids and fissures of the rectum. Therefore, the diet of pregnant women with pyelonephritis have to be rich in foods containing dietary fiber: vegetables, fruit. It is advisable daily intake of dairy products.
To draw up a diet for pregnant with pyelonephritis should the doctor. Do not limit yourself to your own eating habits and food.