Diet for diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2
The aim of the diet in diabetes is the desire to normalize metabolic processes in the body. The most important indicator of correct selection menu, at a diabetes is a sustained reduction in blood sugar levels.
General principles of the diet in diabetes
In order to avoid sudden changes of blood glucose and provide uniform absorption of carbohydrates in the intestines of the diet in diabetes should be based on fractional five meals - three main meals and two snacks.
All meals must be balanced with each other by volume. So, breakfast should be around 25% of the daily volume of calories, lunch about 45%, and the dinner is not more than 15%. Each of the snacks should "weigh" primerno10-15% of the daily energy intake.
The chemical composition of the diet in diabetes should be as follows:
- proteins - 20%
- fat - 30%
- carbohydrates - 50%.
The vast majority of diabetics suffer from excessive body weight. In order to reduce the weight of the amount of fat in the diet of diabetic patients it is advisable to cut.
It is important to observe the physiological drinking regime. So the amount of fluid intake should be 30 ml per 1 kg of body weight of the patient.
The organization of people with diabetes need to be excluded from the diet of foods with a high glycemic index:
- all kinds of sweets,
- sweet fruit - grapes, melons, persimmons, tangerines it.p.,
- wheat bread and buns,
- soft drinks - carbonated and alcoholic,
- beer and kvass,
- Fats - mayonnaise, butter, etc.
- liver and fish spawn,
- spices, meats, spicy dishes,
- Some types of carbohydrates - mashed potatoes, soft rice,
- processed cheese.
Since patients with diabetes often develop a variety of liver pathologies, their food should be aimed at normalizing its functions. To this end, the diet of patients with diabetes eliminate fat and fried foods, and introduce oatmeal, soy, cheese. Hard cheese is recommended low-fat and no more than 30 grams a day, and eat fruit in the morning.
Carbohydrates are authorized within the diet in diabetes, should be slow - buckwheat, brown rice, barley and millet. Also in the diet must be a sufficient amount of vegetables.
Experts recommend to try to include in the daily menu diet in diabetes lime and of fructose should be avoided. Well established as sugar substitutes products such as sorbitol and stevia.
Diet for type 1 diabetes
Information about that from the diet in diabetes mellitus type 1 should be excluded a number of products is refuted by modern research. Actually there is no forbidden products. The question is that the diet should be made in accordance with the specialist assigned therapy. In this case, the principal amount of alcohol becomes a product and its relationship to the other. That is insulin, plan menus and physical activities represent a single set of mandatory measures that make up the image of life in patients with type 1 diabetes.
Diet for type 2 diabetes
Individual diet for type 2 diabetes is selected dietician. In general, it is characterized by low energy value and precise ratio of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Such a system allows power to keep blood glucose levels under control, and to minimize the risk of complications of the underlying disease.