Diet for liver
Treatment of diseases related to the violation of the liver (chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, cholecystitis, etc.), Involves not only medical intervention. It must be adhered to the diet in diseases of the liver.
What are the benefits of diet in diseases of the liver?
The main purpose of the liver is the diet for reducing the burden on the patient body to minimize the negative impact of harmful chemicals. This maintains a complete and balanced diet of the patient. Some restrictions that require a diet for liver diseases, contribute to the normalization of its work, as well as improve the functioning of the biliary tract and bile, normalize metabolic processes in the body.
Based diet for the liver
People with liver disease is recommended to enrich your diet lipotropic components. This involves including in the diet foods such as soya, cod curd. For a long time doctors recommended diet for patients with liver fat intake restriction. On the one hand, it is quite logical, since after the adoption of fatty foods, many patients complained of pain in the right upper quadrant, nausea and bitterness in the mouth. Recently, however, the doctors took the opposite view, believing that the diet in diseases of the liver should include fats. Only this should be such fats that the body is well tolerated. With proper intake of these fats the patient's condition can significantly improve.
The diet in liver disease total amount of fat should be about 80-100 g The optimal ratio of 30% and 70% of vegetable tallow. It is preferable to get the fat out of food rich in protein (meat, fish, cheese). It has been proved that the diet in diseases of the liver, which includes a mixture of vegetable and animal fats, it is much more effective than a diet containing only animal or vegetable fats only.
Vegetable oil is generally useful in diseases of the liver. It normalizes metabolism in the body and directly into the liver, and also has a good choleretic effect. If the patient has a delay of bile flow, it is recommended to increase the total amount to 150 g fat, 50% of which must be vegetable fats. If liver disease complicated by jaundice, the amount of fat consumed is necessary, on the contrary, to reduce to 50-70 g
The amount of carbohydrate in the diet for the liver should be 400-450 g per day. This simple carbohydrates (pastries, sugar, honey) should be forbidden to drink 50-100 of excessive amounts of carbohydrates, as it promotes the deposition of fat in liver cells.
Many chronic diseases of the biliary tract and liver are developing under the influence of acute infections or as a result of long-term alcohol abuse, metabolic disorders. The most common forms of liver disease are hepatitis and cholecystitis. The diet for liver assigned only by the attending physician and depends on the stage of the disease and the general state of the patient. The focus of the diet in diseases of the liver is given the power saving mode and the full ratio of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and vitamins.
Thus, with cholecystitis and hepatitis should adhere to the following rules:
- amount of carbohydrate in the diet in the liver should not be excessive, and for patients with a large weight in general should be reduced;
- in the diet should be a sufficient amount of easily digestible, complete proteins;
- the amount of fat depends on the patient's condition: if there is a need to strengthen the choleretic effect of diet on the liver, the amount of protein can be increased;
- All food should be thoroughly cooked;
- it is desirable to use only boiled dishes, as well as mashed or chopped foods;
- recommended to split meals in small portions, as it improves intestinal motility, has a choleretic effect and maximize sparing the patient body;
- must be part of the diet for the liver include foods high in fiber, because it increases the choleretic effect and maximizes the excretion of cholesterol from the body.
Which products are prohibited in the diet for the liver?
In diseases of the liver can not eat food lamb, pork, duck, goose, any fried foods, canned and smoked products, refractory cheese, sorrel, chocolate, cocoa, ice cream, cold drinks, mushrooms, spinach and any alcoholic beverages.
Diet in cirrhosis
Any liver disease requires compliance with sparing diet, but diet in cirrhosis contains very strict contraindications.
So, it is absolutely forbidden to use any fatty meat, cooking oils, soups of broth, hard-boiled eggs, fatty fish varieties, canned food, eggs, mushrooms, pickles, beans, radishes, spinach, sorrel, green onions, radishes, ice cream, sour berries and fruit, black coffee, chocolate, mustard, pepper, cold drinks, horseradish. But the most important dietary restrictions liver cirrhosis is an absolute contraindication to alcohol. Just a couple of glasses of strong alcohol can cause severe relapse of the disease, even if it is for a long time reminded him of himself.
Unfortunately, no cure for cirrhosis of the liver. However, using an adequate method of treatment, which included mandatory present nutritional therapy can halt progression of the disease.
Diets for Liver in modern medicine play a leading role in the treatment of her illness. To date, none of the existing methods do not give drugs such effective results as diet therapy.