Diet for pregnant women
Diet for pregnant women - a balanced diet of women during pregnancy, which promotes easier
nurturing a child, the right weight gain, the normal development of the fetus. Proper nutrition, corresponding to the period of pregnancy, will not only help to avoid undesirable consequences of pregnancy (weight after childbirth, changes in skin and hair), but also to avoid some of the symptoms characteristic of the trimesters (nausea, heartburn).
Diet for pregnant women: What is dangerous excess weight during pregnancy
Optimal weight gain during pregnancy is individual and for the most part will depend on the initial weight prior to pregnancy. With insufficient weight on the BMI (less than 18), overweight risk is much higher than in the normal BMI or a little excess weight. When multiple pregnancy weight gain slightly larger.
Normally, a woman gains during pregnancy from 7 to 14kg. Diet for pregnant women is somewhat different from the traditional diets for weight loss. During this period more important to balance the amount of protein, fat and carbohydrates, as well as vitamins, micro and macro. Diet for pregnant women correlate allows normal weight gain expectant mother, the child and the normal fetal development.
One of the early signs of pregnancy is considered to be a constant feeling of hunger. Following a diet for pregnant women, even when unconfirmed pregnancy, a woman easily avoids many of the problems faced by the majority of pregnant women at different stages.
Risks for pregnant women related to malnutrition:
- Overweight and its consequences;
- The feeling of heaviness in the stomach;
The effects of excess weight during pregnancy:
- The development of a large fetus;
- Premature birth;
- The risk of developing eclampsia;
- Violation of the fetus;
- Birth injuries;
- Fetal hypoxia;
The main cause of
excess weight during pregnancy is banal overeating and rapid saturation in carbohydrate. Diet for pregnant women to help balance the diet, to stop feeling hungry between meals. By following the diet during pregnancy, many women manage to keep the figure to avoid stretch marks, easy to bring the body back to normal after delivery.
Diet during pregnancy: indications for compliance
Dieting during pregnancy is a completely all women, however, the type of diet and nutrition to differ, based on the weight of women before pregnancy, family history of chronic diseases. Diet diet during pregnancy will vary depending on the dynamics of weight gain.
It is believed that during pregnancy a woman should not limit yourself to food, as the desire to eat this or that product is dictated not by the body of the pregnant and the developing baby. In fact, the feeling of hunger during pregnancy is due to changes in hormonal levels (growth of estrogen). Often women in the period before menstruation when hormone levels change drastically, also experiencing unjustified hunger. Therefore, you should not succumb to it. From the first week is recommended to stick to the overall diet. Individual diet will be adjusted gynecologist, observing pregnancy, based on the general condition of the woman, the results of tests and indicators of weight gain.
Diet during pregnancy is mandatory, but it does not mean that a woman can not afford an extra snack. The main prohibitions relating to "harmful" products: fast food (fast food), products containing preservatives, smoked, salted and spicy seasonings in large quantities, strong tea and coffee.
Diet for pregnant women: menu trimesters
Why in the diet for pregnant women smash it on the menu trimester? This change in diet is entirely due to the development of the fetus. During prenatal development of a large part of the necessary micro and macro child receives from the mother, thus depleting her body. Diet for pregnant women is a balanced diet that allows you to fill in the gaps and avoid beriberi. Diet for pregnant women, who make up the menu for the trimester is the best and easy to comply with.
Diet during pregnancy trimesters promotes proper weight gain. In the first trimester of a woman enough to increase your calorie intake by 200 (in multiple pregnancies up to 300) in the second and third trimester and 300 calories (400 in multiple pregnancies). The diet in pregnancy fasting days and starvation.
Diet for pregnant women: 1 term
Women should start a diet for pregnant 1 trimester, oddly enough, even before the onset of pregnancy, allowing the body to adapt more easily to a new state. During this period, you need to increase your intake of folic acid (lettuce, corn). It should adhere to the rules of a healthy diet: eliminate fatty and fried, eating, eat vitamin-rich foods (fruits, cheeses, dairy products). Diet for pregnant 1 trimester involves eating foods with a high content of calcium include dairy products, herbs, cereals, broccoli. The source of the zinc and manganese in early pregnancy include meat (including poultry), nuts, eggs, raisins, oatmeal. In the 1st trimester it is recommended to exclude products that contribute to gas formation (cabbage in any form). During this period the diet for pregnant women should be supported by a vitamin complex.
Diet during pregnancy: 2 Trimester
Diet for 2 terms must promote the active growth of the child. It is enriched diet pregnant. However, increasing the calories consumed should be carried out not in the quantitative changes in consumption of food and quality. During this period, the baby requires vitamin A and beta-carotene, which make up the balance of the mother's body helps cabbage, carrots, yellow pepper.
Diet for pregnant women: 3 Trimester
Diet for pregnant 3 terms will help get rid of heartburn woman and gastric discomfort. During this period, physicians recommend a fractional power. Menu expectant mother should be rich in calcium, essential fatty acids that contribute to the development of the brain and central nervous system of the child, in iron, which allows the child to avoid anemia in the postpartum period. Diet for pregnant 3 terms should include fatty fish, red meat, nuts, vegetables, dark green, yogurt, fruit.
In the last weeks of pregnancy a woman's body needs complex carbohydrates (wholemeal bread, cereals, raw and steamed vegetables).
Diet for pregnant women offers a healthy menu. The amount of food consumed each woman defines for themselves individually. However, it is worth remembering that the pregnancy - not a reason for overeating. Excessive food intake will only complicate pregnancy.