Gluten-free diet is now often administered by paediatricians, but not bypass its attention and therapists and gastroenterologists.
This system of power - the only indisputable method of treating a disease of the digestive system, known as celiac disease. The methodology recommended by the World Health Organization and has been successfully used by thousands of patients around the world. Gluten-free diet is recommended for children under the age of 6 months, always at an older age - prescription-only pediatrician. Currently, this diet is also used to reduce body weight by some healthy adults. Theoretical basis of the use of the system power is questioned by many nutritionists.
The principles of a gluten-free diet
The basis of the diet is to avoid eating specific protein to stock some cereals (gluten). This protein is also called gluten. In a large number of its reveal in the seeds of cereals. Particularly rich in gluten wheat, rye, oats and barley. Moreover, the wheat greatest percentage of the substance - up to 80% of the seed weight. Gluten-free diet eliminates all foods from seeds of these plants. The difficulties of such compliance regime related to the fact that many foods contain gluten hidden. Also sometimes it includes gluten as an aid in medicines and dietary supplements.
Which products should be excluded?
The diet of this diet does not contain wheat, rye, barley and oats. Under the ban flour, cereals, cereal grains of these species. It is also forbidden to eat starch and malt. And these substances in large quantities part of the sausage products, some dairy products (yogurt, curds), ketchup, sauces, coffee, juices, sweets. Pay attention to the composition of the product. Many manufacturers indicate on the label whether the product is gluten-free.
What can I eat on a gluten-free diet?
Cereals and legumes are allowed rice, buckwheat, peas, beans, corn, soybeans, millet, amaranth and kvinoyya. From plant foods you can eat fruits and vegetables, including potatoes, any nuts. Vegetable oil from any materials (sunflower oil, corn oil, soybean oil, olive oil), tea, coffee does not contain natural gluten. Products of animal origin without also herbal supplements do not contain gluten. Therefore, those who keep the gluten-free diet, you can eat meat, fish, chicken, eggs, butter, milk and cheese.
Patients on a gluten-free diet may be faced with a deficit of fiber, folic acid, cyanocobalamin, iron and calcium. To compensate for the lack of these substances in the diet is necessary to introduce a sufficient amount of rice, milk, cheese, meat, vegetables, including potatoes.
Adults and adolescents can be difficult to go on a gluten-free diet. To help in such a situation may the special gluten-free foods: cereal, pasta, bread. You can buy them from manufacturers of dietary food.
Gluten-free diet for children
Up to a certain age, gluten can be dangerous even for healthy child. Thus, according to the current recommendations of the World Health Organization, children under 6 months should not be administered in food products containing wheat, barley, oats, rye. This means that so popular for feeding semolina safe for children only after six months. If you decide to feed your baby before the age of 6 months with something other than breast milk or adapted formula, choose a gluten-free cereals (rice, buckwheat, corn). At older ages, children become resistant to this protein. Therefore there is no need to comply with a gluten-free diet for children after 6 months of life, without any recommendation pediatrician.
Reviews of the gluten-free diet
Gluten-free diet helps to restore the health of children and adolescents with celiac disease. In the opinion of the gluten-free diet of patients who started treatment only in adulthood, its efficiency is high, but can not completely get rid of the symptoms. Reviews of the gluten-free diet doctors are positive in relation to the treatment and prevention of celiac disease and food allergies in children. However, to lose weight with this diet is far from everything. Products (from the list of permitted) contain a lot of calories and do not contribute to weight loss.