Xanax (generic name - Alprazolam) refers to a group of anxiolytics (tranquilizers) c average therapeutic effect, reduces the excitability of the hypothalamus and thalamus, as well as providing sedation.
The composition and the form of Xanax
The main active ingredient - Alprazolam.
The drug is available in tablets of 250 mg in a package of 30 pieces.
The pharmacological properties of Xanax
Xanax stimulates benzodiazepine receptors and has anxiolytic effect which manifests itself in the removal of emotional stress, reducing stress conditions of the nervous system, elimination of insomnia and anxiety.
The drug has a strong sedative effect, reduces the effects of emotional and motor stimuli. As a result of Xanax increases the duration and continuity of sleep, thus reducing the chance of disturbing dreams and nocturnal awakenings nerve.
Positive feedback received Xanax as an effective tool for the treatment of panic disorder. Miorelaksiruyuschee property of the drug relaxes the central nervous system.
In the opinion of Xanax as part of general therapy is well suited for the treatment of depressive states, memory disorders and panic attacks.
Xanax is indicated for disorders of the central nervous system, somatic disorders, phobias, neurotic disorders, irritability and tension.
Good reviews on Xanax for the treatment of tremor of different etiology - senile and essential.
Instructions for use Xanax
According to the instructions Xanax should be taken 2-3 times a day, starting with a minimum dose to test tolerance components of the drug to patients. The daily dose depends on the diagnosis and the patient's condition, but it should not exceed 10 mg.
When anxiety disorders moderate drug is given 1-2 times a day for 0, 5 - 0, 75 mg to further increase the dose to 1, 5 mg.
For the elderly and patients with weakened body a daily dose of Xanax is 0, 25 - 0, 5 mg. For patients with severe neurotic states daily dose of 3-4 5 mg.
Duration of treatment Xanax (from several days to several months) is determined by a physician and depends on the severity of the disease.
In accordance with instructions prescribed Xanax not prescribe use of the drug for a long time in order to avoid drug dependence.
When choosing Xanax in combination therapy, be aware that narcotic analgesics, antipsychotics, sedatives and antiepileptic drugs increase the effect of alprazolam. And the interaction with Xanax clozapine efficacy of treatment is reduced.
Xanax is a potent drug that should be administered by your doctor.
Contraindications to this drug are hypersensitivity, pregnancy and lactation, angle-closure glaucoma, alcohol intoxication, severe respiratory disease, liver failure, ataxia of different etiologies, old age.
It should appoint Xanax while taking hypnotics and psychoactive drugs, organic brain disease and psychosis in severe stage.
Precautions should be taken Xanax patients to drive and working in hazardous occupations.
Side effects of Xanax
In the first days of treatment Xanax possible side effects of the nervous system: dizziness, headache, decreased alertness, mental retardation and motor reactions, ataxia, confusion, depressed mood and lethargy.
Among the systemic side effects may occur:
- on the part of the circulatory system - Neutropenia, chills, anemia, pyrexia;
- on the part of the digestive system - increased salivation, nausea, heartburn, liver malfunction, diarrhea;
- on the part of the genitourinary system - dysfunction of the kidneys, decreased libido, urinary incontinence.
Also, with a long reception Xanax may be an allergic reaction - hives, itching and burning.
Very rarely occur while taking the drug attacks of aggression, hallucinations, tremors, leukopenia, insomnia, suicidal tendencies.