Trisol (trisolum) - a drug applied at disturbances of the electrolyte balance of the body.
Pharmacological action Trisol
Plazmozameshchath medicament is a solution that corrects the application electrolytes, water and the hydrogen ion concentration leads to a reduction of the metabolic acidosis and hypovolemia, blood clots, as well as to increased diuresis. In addition Trisol removes toxins and other harmful substances, improves capillary circulation and function of the heart and kidneys.
Trisol produced in glass bottles in the form of solution for infusion in a volume of 100 ml, 200 ml, 250 ml, 400 ml and 500 ml. Trisol Sold by prescription.
The composition Trisol per 100 ml solution contains:
- Sodium chloride - 0, 5 g;
- Sodium bicarbonate - 0, 4 g;
- Potassium Chloride - 0, 1 g;
- Water for injection.
In composition Trisol not compatible with products which contain potassium and increases potassium levels in the blood.
Analogues Trisol of the active substance is not released. By analogues Trisol drug mechanism of action, and of belonging to the same pharmacological group includes:
- Addamel H;
- Plasma-Lit 148;
- Sodium fumarate;
- Normofundin G-5;
- Ringer lactate;
- Hartmann's solution;
The drug Trisol apply in the case of diseases which are associated with dehydration and intoxication of the body, as well as on the background of food poisoning, acute dysentery and cholera El Tor.
In accordance with the instructions Trisol be administered intravenously (drip at a rate of 40-120 drops per minute or jet) controlled laboratory studies of hemodynamic parameters. Before applying Trisol be heated to a temperature of 36-38 ° C.
In the treatment of hypovolemic infectious-toxic shock, inadequate perfusion, decompensated metabolic acidosis and anuria medication is administered bolus followed by a transition to a drip (from 40 to 120 drops per minute). In cases of intoxication, dehydration, metabolic acidosis, and oliguria Trisol can be administered the drip. When carrying out dehydration treatment agent is introduced on the jet between 1 and 3 hours.
In the first hour, the solution is used in an amount equal to 7-10% of body weight of the patient. Thereafter, bolus, usually replaced by drip for 1-2 days. The drug is used in an amount corresponding to the amount of fluid lost, the balance of which is determined every 6 hours.
With the development of hyperkalemia drug should be replaced by a solution of sodium acetate to normalize the electrolyte balance.
If necessary Trisol administered to children, the dose should be 3-10 ml per 1 kg of body weight per day. In pregnancy, the solution is introduced for health indicators under the supervision of a physician.
According to the instructions Trisol contraindicated in:
- Impaired renal excretory function;
- Swelling of the brain;
- Pulmonary edema;
- Chronic heart failure;
Use of the drug Trisol children is acceptable in case of emergency.
Side effects Trisol
Application Trisol under instruction rarely cause complications, but in the case of overdose can cause:
In accordance with the instructions Trisol must be stored out of reach of children and protected from light, dry place at room temperature to 25 ° C. Shelf life in compliance with the recommendations of 2 years.