Tetracycline is a broad antimicrobial spectrum. The drug kills Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
The widespread use of tetracycline was as a drug for the treatment of infectious diseases of the respiratory tract.
Structure and Composition
The main active ingredient - tetracycline 100 mg.
Auxiliary components: lanolin, ceresin, sodium, paraffin, petrolatum.
Tetracycline is produced in the form of ointments, tablets of 0, 05 - 0, 25 g of the slurry and to prepare a syrup.
Pharmacological action Tetracycline
Tetracycline is active against Gram (Brucella, Francisella, Haemophilus influenzae, Bartonella, Neisseria, etc.) and Gram positive (Streptococcus viridans, Streptococcus pneumoniae etc.), bacteria. The drug is effectively destroys various pathogenic microorganisms, including Chlamydophila, Clostridium, Treponema, Actinomyces, Bacillus, etc.
Anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects of tetracyclines are high therapeutic result. The drug is well absorbed and reaches maximum concentration in the body for 2 hours. Tetracycline is metabolized in the liver and excreted by the kidneys within 12 hours. The active ingredient of the drug circulating in the body, performing an antimicrobial effect.
Tetracycline has good reviews as a drug for the prevention of infectious complications after surgery.
Tetracycline is indicated for the treatment of:
- respiratory system diseases - bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy purulent type of angina;
- dysentery of various forms;
- diseases caused by infections in food and derived from animals (scarlet fever, whooping cough, brucellosis, psittacosis, tularemia, typhus, cholera);
- infectious diseases of the genitourinary system, including gonorrhea, candidiasis, syphilis and cholecystitis;
Positive feedback received tetracycline as a drug for the treatment of infectious diseases of the eye, purulent inflammations, burns, inflammation of the mammary glands in females.
In the treatment of tetracycline is used for the treatment of septic diseases.
Instructions for use
In accordance with the instruction of tetracycline may be used inside and externally, depending on the form of preparation. Before the appointment the patient must undergo research on sensitivity to the components of the digestive tract microflora Tetracycline.
Adult patients should take the drug for 0, 25 g 3 times a day. The maximum daily dose is 2 years Children Tetracycline prescribed 1 tablet a day after meal.
Tetracycline in suspension must be taken 3-4 times daily for two drops, and syrup - at 15-18 ml 3 times per day. The syrup should be diluted with 50 mL of water.
According to the instructions in the form of tetracycline ointment applied to the chest or other affected areas with a thin layer and rub until completely absorbed.
Contraindications to the appointment of Tetracycline are hypersensitivity and intolerance to the components of the drug, fungal diseases, wounds and skin injuries, pregnancy and lactation, renal and liver failure, internal bleeding, severe diseases of the digestive system, children up to 8 years.
With careful preparation is indicated for radiation and in the elderly.
Side effects Tetracycline
Tetracycline, as a broad-spectrum antibiotic, may cause the following side effects: loss of appetite, vomiting, nausea, headache, dizziness, bloating, diarrhea, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach, gastritis, proctitis.
Chronic administration can worsen the condition of the teeth and stomatitis occur.
The drug increases sensitivity to sunlight, and can provoke an aggravation of diseases of the urinary tract.