Tabeks - a synthetic drug that reduces nicotine dependence.
Pharmacological action Tabex
The active ingredient Tabex reduce nicotine dependence, causing a change in the taste of smoking, making it unpleasant. In addition, as a result of reduced desire Tabex smoking and withdrawal symptoms associated with smoking cessation, is considerably easier.
The action of the active ingredient Tabex associated with the excitation of nicotinic receptors of autonomic ganglia. Thus, when using Tabex occurs reflex stimulation of the respiratory center, the release of epinephrine and adrenal cells, increased blood pressure.
Tabex mechanism of action similar to the effects of nicotine, which allows gradually to give up smoking, reducing the possible manifestations of abstinence phenomena.
When using Tabex side effects tend to be short-term in nature and not expressed.
Tabeks produced in the form of light brown round tablets, film-coated. Each tablet contains 1, 5 mg of active ingredient - cytisine, and ancillary components - lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose and talc. 20 tablets in blisters.
By analogues Tabex include a number of drugs: tablets Tsititon, varenicline, chewable lozenges Gamibazin, sublingual tablets Nicorette, Nicorette chewing gum, lozenges Nikvitin Mini, transdermal therapeutic systems Nikvitin, Tsiperkuten TTC and Nikotinell.
According to the instructions Tabeks indicated for the treatment of nicotine addiction.
Contraindications to Tabeks on the basis of the instructions are as follows:
- Acute myocardial infarction;
- Peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, which flows in the acute phase;
- Unstable angina;
- Expressed atherosclerosis;
- Recent myocardial ischemic attack;
- bronchial asthma;
- arterial hypertension;
- Bleeding from major vessels;
- pulmonary edema.
In addition to the Tabeks contraindications are pregnancy, breastfeeding and hypersensitivity to the components included in the tablets.
According to the instructions Tabeks should be taken with caution in:
- Chromaffin tumors of the adrenal glands;
- Coronary heart disease, including chronic heart failure;
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease;
- Cerebrovascular disease;
- Peptic ulcer;
- Kidney and liver failure.
The possibility of using Tabex smoking in children under 18 and seniors 65 and over should be dealt with individually, after evaluating the ratio of the expected benefits of the drug and the potential risks associated with the development of side effects.
Tabeks take up smoking for 25 days.
Standard single dose during the first three days of treatment is one tablet. Multiplicity of reception Tabex instructions - six times a day (every two hours).
In the following days Tabeks take up smoking in the following daily dosages:
- 4-12 days of treatment - 5 tablets (with a break of 2, 5 hours);
- Day 13-16 - 4 tablets (with a break of 3 hours);
- 17-20 days - 3 tablets (with a break of 5 hours);
- 21-25 days - 1-2 tablets (with a break of 6-8 hours).
In the period of treatment for five days is necessary to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, and after the fifth day of the drug is necessary to give up smoking completely. If you can not stop smoking therapy should be interrupted Tabeks not to lead to nicotine poisoning.
If application Tabex smoking within the first days did not produce the desired effect, the preparation is canceled. A second course should begin in a few months.
When taking high doses of reviews Tabeks can cause:
- Dilated pupils;
- Respiratory paralysis;
- General weakness;
When treating overdose Tabeks instructions shown on gastric lavage, and in some cases - the introduction of anticonvulsants, infusion solutions, as well as analeptic, cardiotonic and other symptomatic drugs.
Tabeks of instruction should not be combined with anti-TB drugs.
Side effects Tabex
Side effects of Tabex usually are not expressed in nature, and most of them are alone.
The most common disorders of the digestive system when using Tabex for reviews include:
- Change in taste and appetite;
- stomach ache;
- Dry mouth;
The main side effects of Tabex caused by the central nervous system include: dizziness, insomnia or drowsiness, headache and irritability.
Also Tabeks Review may lead to:
- A slight increase in blood pressure;
- Shortness of breath;
- Chest pain;
- Weight loss;
- Allergic reactions;
- Increased sweating.
Tabeks refers to a number of drugs that reduce nicotine dependence, released under doctor's prescription. Shelf life Tablets - 24 months, provided the drug store at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C in a dark place.