Sofradeks - antibiotic preparation of a wide spectrum of action.
Pharmacological action Sofradeks
The drug has a pronounced bactericidal effect. Sofradeks contains Dexamethasone, neomycin, gramicidin, thus it has an active effect on gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, dysentery bacillus, Escherichia coli. The instructions to Sofradeks noted that the drug poorly active against streptococci, have no effect on the anaerobic flora, fungi, viruses. Dexamethasone actively influences the course of the carbohydrate and protein metabolism, has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects, thus reducing symptoms such as itching, pain, tearing. Neomycin and gramicidin have a bactericidal effect, prevents the growth of gram-positive microorganisms.
Sofradeks manufactured as ointments in tubes of 5 g, in the form of droplets in vials of 10 ml.
The drug is used as an ointment for treating eye diseases in adults and children in a small amount twice a day. In the case of using the droplet form may ointment overnight. Use of the drug in an ointment is successfully practiced in the treatment of diseases of the ear (once or twice during the day). Drops for eyes take one or two drops in each eye to six times a day, and in case of need and more. Ear drops instilled three or four times a day for two or three drops. In a review of Sofradeks it said that the drug should be used only after a diagnosis by the attending physician and exclusion fungal or viral infection of the victims.
The drug is used for a week, except in the case of positive dynamics of the disease. The course is repeated use of the drug only on prescription.
Sofradeks used in the treatment of infectious diseases, which include bacterial infections of the eyes, weighed down by the severity of inflammatory and allergic reactions, barley, blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid margins), infected eczema eyelids, keratitis, scleritis (inflammation of the opaque layer of the eye), acute and chronic otitis (inflammation middle ear), allergic conjunctivitis.
In a review of Sofradeks it said that use of the drug may be accompanied by side effects such as cataracts (a disease that leads to clouding of the lens of the eye), burning, itching, skin inflammation; long-term use may Sofradeks gradual decrease in the thickness of the membranes of the eye (corneal thinning), increased intraocular pressure.
The instructions to Sofradeks noted that the drug has a long list of contraindications, which include fungal and viral diseases, purulent inflammation of the eye, tuberculosis, increased intraocular pressure (glaucoma), immunity or hypersensitivity to the Sofradeks.
It must be remembered that the composition of the drug and analogues neomycin Sofradeks includes a component having ototoksichnostyu. Therefore, it is possible that the use of Sofradeks can lead to hearing damage. Care should be exercised when administering the drug to infants and young children.
When using the drug and analogs Sofradeks should refrain from driving and using machinery that requires enhanced visual concentration.
Pregnancy and lactation
Safety of Sofradeks during pregnancy and lactation has not been experimentally confirmed.