Retinol - vitamin A.
Vitamin A restores the metabolism and eyesight, improve the immune system, rejuvenates the cells. Without Retinol not work properly sweat and sebaceous glands do not produce proteins and lipids do not heal damaged skin and mucous membranes.
There is also evidence that vitamin A inhibits the growth of tumors formed in the epithelium.
Retinol release tablets in the form of ointments, injection solution.
Vitamin A is prescribed for his deficiency, infectious diseases, skin diseases, such as hyperkeratosis, cutaneous tuberculosis, frostbite, burn, ichthyosis, pyoderma, psoriasis, eczema, as well as with rickets, acute respiratory diseases, pneumonia, bronchitis, tracheitis, erosion and gastrointestinal ulcers, cirrhosis of the liver.
There are reviews of retinol, is successfully used in diseases of the eye: xerophthalmia, keratomalacia, conjunctivitis, night blindness, retinitis pigmentosa, eczematous lesions of the eyelids.
The good effect is observed with topical retinol. Vitamin is used for dermatitis, abrasions and cracks on the skin, eczema. Vitamin A supplementation can speed healing of the skin after the treatment of dermatoses, and corticosteroid.
Retinol Guide: how to use
Adults with vitamin deficiency medium and mild recommend taking up to 33 thousand. IU of retinol per day.
With eye diseases appoint 50-100 thousand. IU per day. Children can be given 1-5 thousand. IU.
When skin diseases recommended daily dosage for adults is 50-100 thousand. IU; Children - 5-10-20 thousand. IU.
Oil Retinol solution can be used according to the instructions externally - lubricate them 5-6 times a day frostbitten or burned skin, sores and cracks in the skin and mucous membranes. After treatment, it is recommended to impose a bandage on the wound site. Judging by the reviews of retinol, a good effect is observed while taking the drug outward and inward / intramuscularly.
Ointment with vitamin A is applied to the skin twice daily. Tight bandage is applied if there is a strong peeling skin.
Retinol can cause lethargy, flushing, drowsiness, headache, worsening of liver disease, pain in the bones of the legs, nausea, vomiting.
Children Retinol can cause increased intracranial pressure or temperature, sweating, vomiting, skin rash, drowsiness. In infants after vitamin A from increased intracranial pressure may be sticking out his fontanelle, start hydrocephalus.
Usually these symptoms disappear on their own while reducing the dosage of retinol or temporary cessation of treatment.
If at the beginning of therapy, the patient will appear spotty rash and papules, accompanied by itching, the drug should be repealed.
Inflammation in skin diseases may be exacerbated in 7-10 days when used in high doses Retinol. It is believed that the additional treatment or discontinuation of the drug this symptom does not require, as he goes alone.
After intramuscular injections may feel soreness at the injection site.
There are reviews about Retinol ointments, indicating that it may cause redness or itching. This reaction requires the removal of the drug.
Contraindications to retinol
Retinol can not be taken according to the instructions in cholelithiasis, chronic pancreatitis, hypersensitivity during the first trimester of pregnancy.
With care prescribe a drug for cardiac decompensation, chronic, acute nephritis.
Contraindicated combination of vitamin A with retinoids, tetracyclines.
Suction Retinol badly affect neomycin, cholestyramine, nitrites, colestipol.
Oral contraceptives and estrogens increase in plasma retinol concentration.