Reladorm - pharmacological agents from the group of hypnotics. It refers to the list of potent drugs.
Structure and Composition
According to the instructions reladorm comes in tablet form. Active substances - diazepam (0, 01 g) and calcium salt cyclobarbital (0, 1 g). Also, the product contains adjuvants: potato starch, gelatin, talc, lactose, sodium starch glycolate.
Externally pills reladorm whitish-grayish color, round, with Valium on one party. Produced the drug in blister strips or 10 tablets. In 1 carton of blisters or strips with instruction.
Pharmacological action reladorm
According to the instructions reladorm it has soporific effect, as well as the drug reduces the time to fall asleep, deepen and prolong sleep. Properties reladorm due to its constituent active ingredients (diazepam and cyclobarbital), resulting in the addition of the pharmacological properties of both substances. Therapeutic effects reladorm in patients with sleep disorders 2 times stronger than that of diazepam / cyclobarbital taken separately.
Diazepam affects depressing to some structures of the central nervous system. It has a pronounced anxiolytic effect, mild sedative, muscle relaxant (relaxing) and the antiepileptic effect.
Tsikobarbital is a hypnotic drug average duration. It also has an inhibiting effect on the central nervous system. In small doses, the drug has a sedative (calming) and antiemetic effect at higher dosages cyclobarbital has sedative and antiepileptic effects.
According to the instructions reladorm indicated in patients with sleep disorders as insomnia, difficulty falling asleep, early awakening, short sleep, as well as in patients with increased nervous excitability.
- hypersensitivity to the ingredients of the drug;
- severe respiratory failure (of any etiology);
- sleep apnea;
- myasthenia gravis,
- alcohol poisoning or drugs that depress the central nervous system;
- children's age;
- old age of 65 years;
- pregnancy and lactation.
Use during pregnancy and lactation
According to the instructions reladorm is contraindicated for use during pregnancy and lactation. If you want to carry out the treatment with this drug during lactation, the breast-feeding should be stopped to prevent the development of withdrawal symptoms in the child.
Dosing and Administration reladorm
This drug should be used strictly on prescription. The dosage and duration of treatment is determined by the doctor individually. Typically, adult appointed ½-1 tablet an hour before bedtime. The drug is taken orally half an hour after a meal, it is recommended to wash down pill reladorm boiled water.
In the opinion of reladorm has good hypnotic effect, the effect of the drug begins to have the first days of treatment.
If the patient has missed the scheduled time taking the drug, the following method is adopted in reladorm usual dose. It is strictly prohibited to take a double dose!
Patients with impaired liver / kidney advised to take smaller doses reladorm.
In the opinion of reladorm may cause adverse reactions. Most often, there are daytime sleepiness, fatigue, poor concentration, fatigue, the development of drug dependence (psychophysiological character).
Rarely, reviews, reladorm can cause tremors, ataxia (ataxia), dizziness, allergic reactions, lowering blood pressure.
Prolonged use reladorm causes gradual weakening of its action as a result of addiction (tolerance). Do not abruptly cancel the drug after prolonged use, as it can develop withdrawal symptoms, which is expressed in the psychomotor agitation, severe anxiety, restlessness, and other vegetative symptoms.
In case of overdose of this drug characterized by the following symptoms: drowsiness, slurred speech, confusion, disorientation. In severe overdose may be lowering blood pressure and respiratory disorders up to coma.
Note that particularly severe poisoning are mixed (together with the alcohol and other psychotropic agents). Treatment is symptomatic (gastric lavage, enterosorbents, detoxification therapy). Diazepam specific antidote - flumazenil.
Interaction with other drugs
Reladorm enhances the action of the following groups of drugs: narcotic analgesics, antihypertensives central action, antipsychotics, antihistamines and anti-epileptic drugs.
Drinking alcohol during treatment increases reladorm depressing effect on the central nervous system and can cause a paradoxical reaction (agitation, aggression, pathological intoxication, deep mental depression).
According to the instructions reladorm it reduces the severity of the effects of anticoagulants, contraceptives, hypoglycemic agents, griseofulvin and doxycycline.
Special instructions for use reladorm
Treatment with this drug should be administered under strict medical supervision. Patients with signs of hepatic / renal failure need to appoint reladorm with great caution. With prolonged use of the drug should be periodically monitored indicators of the biochemical analysis of blood (liver tests).
In the case of paradoxical reactions is an urgent need to stop taking reladorm.
If you want to receive other medications should consult a physician in order to avoid negative consequences.
During treatment reladorm (as well as 3 days after the deadline) is forbidden to drink alcohol.
Effects on ability to driving and other mechanisms
According to the instructions at the time of treatment reladorm prohibited to drive vehicles and operate moving mechanisms as possible impaired concentration.