Pumpkin - a representative of the plant belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family. Pumpkin can be annual or perennial. The leaves of the pumpkin large, hairy or tough, rough, its branches stelyaschiesya or clinging. During the flowering plant covers more flowers, white or yellow. The fruits of the pumpkin large, often reaching a large size, from 2 to 9 kg.
Total in nature, there are about 10 species of wild gourds. They grow in warm climates in many countries. Cultivated pumpkin not only for human consumption of fruit and decorative purposes
The composition, the use of pumpkins and calorie
Pumpkin consists of an upper shell (skin) directly pulp and seeds. Cork or peel takes about 17% of the total weight of the pumpkin, and the flesh - up to 75%, the seeds take no more than 11%.
The benefits of pumpkin to the human body is difficult to overestimate. It is a natural source of the mass of nutrients and minerals, aromatic pulp of pumpkin contains many important vitamins. Pumpkin has a wonderful taste and has on the human body beneficial effects. Useful properties of pumpkin presented a wide list of substances included in its composition:
- Mono- and disaccharides;
- Organic acids;
- Valuable proteins;
- alimentary fiber.
List of vitamins in the composition is of particular benefit pumpkin and its properties beneficial effect on health:
- B vitamins;
- Vitamin PP (niacin equivalent);
- Vitamin E;
- Vitamin C;
- Vitamin A;
- Vitamin PP;
- Vitamin K;
- Vitamin T.
B vitamins give soothing properties of pumpkin (a sedative) funds. So, in the pumpkin contains the following vitamins in this group:
- B9 (folic acid);
- B6 (pyridoxine)
- B5 (pantothenic acid);
- B2 (riboflavin);
- B1 (thiamine).
These vitamins have a beneficial effect on the nervous system, soothe her. Because of this, a person improves sleep, attention and memory are activated.
Vitamin C, which is especially valuable for the organism in the autumn-winter period, in combination with B vitamins, helps to overcome fatigue and causeless irritability. A particularly useful to drink juice from a fresh pumpkin in a period of depression, stress and burnout. Vitamin C helps to get rid of acne, strengthen nails and hair. Vitamins A and E - a great tool for the prevention of early wrinkles and aging.
Pumpkin is also useful due to the content in it carotene and vitamin K. rare significant carotene content causes the exclusive use of the pumpkin. Thus, this substance has a positive effect on vision, is the prevention of cancer. Carotene long been recognized as a natural antibiotic, so its use is very important for the body. Vitamin K promotes good blood clotting. The presence of this vitamin - the exclusive property of the pumpkin, because in any other vegetable vitamin K is not contained.
Property pumpkin to help digestion and prevent obesity due to its content of vitamin T.
An important property of pumpkin deemed it sorts contents of mineral substances:
The presence of copper phosphorus and iron in the composition contributes to the normalization process pumpkin hematopoiesis. Therefore, prevention of anemia and atherosclerosis need to eat this product. In addition, pumpkin produces a mild laxative effect, thereby reconstructing the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
Useful properties of pumpkin are also confirmed in its unique combination of potassium and magnesium. It is this combination of trace elements helps to eliminate excess fluid from the body. Thus, the use of pumpkin is particularly relevant for those with existing disease of the urinary system.
Use pumpkin also is that among all kinds of vegetables, it is the champion on the content of iron. The benefits of pumpkin is also represented in the content of proteins. These substances in the vegetable even more than in chicken or quail eggs.
Along with numerous properties of pumpkin and its benefits, calories it contains very little. Thus, the caloric content of pumpkin is only 22 calories.
Because of the tight skin, some housewives refuse pumpkin, as it is difficult to handle. But this disadvantage fades into the background, if you think over what benefit has a pumpkin for human health.
Pumpkin pulp can be used to squeeze juice out of it to cook fresh salads and desserts. A little less nutritious properties in the vegetable becomes after heat treatment. So, the pumpkin can be boiled, stewed, baked. Fry this vegetable is also possible, but the benefits in this case a little bit.
For therapeutic purposes, the most ideal one for the extraction of all possible useful properties of pumpkin is squeezing fresh juice.
Juice and pulp of pumpkins displayed for consumption by people with such disabilities:
- cardiovascular diseases;
- Liver disease;
- Problems with the bladder;
Useful properties of pumpkin are beneficial to health, and when applied externally. So, gruel of pumpkin pulp can cure many skin diseases:
- Acne (acne);
- Allergic rash.
Men are especially recommended include in your diet, this vegetable as scientifically proven property pumpkin maintain sexual function and potency at a high level. This property lies in its pumpkin seeds. In addition, pumpkin seeds - known to all anthelmintic. That is why the children for the prevention of worms need to give pumpkin seeds.
This product is perfectly absorbed by the stomach. That is why, with the multiple benefits of pumpkin, prepared many diets (medical and weight loss). The benefits of pumpkin is not only its ability to control weight, but that it can print excess cholesterol from the body.
Use of pumpkins and its properties are not only used as a complete nutrition and medication, but also for cosmetic purposes. From it make excellent mask for the skin. Surprisingly, pumpkin mask and rub her skin juice is indicated for all skin types.
Contraindications and harm from the use of pumpkin
Along with a huge pumpkin and use its properties to ensure the therapeutic effect, it has its contraindications. Thus, the benefit of the pumpkin will not bring those who have observed the following health problems:
- Peptic ulcer disease;
- Gastritis with low acidity;
- Violation of the acid-base balance in the body.
In addition, doctors do not recommend the use of food in a pumpkin for people with chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract during exacerbations.