Pulmicort - inhaled corticosteroids.
Structure and Composition
Producing Pulmicort inhalation in the form of a suspension dosage white. In 1 ml contains budesonide 250 mcg or 500.
Auxiliary components: sodium chloride, sodium citrate, polysorbate 80, purified water, citric acid, disodium edetate.
The disposable plastic containers and 2 ml (one dose).
Pulmicort analogs are the following drugs: Tafen Novolayzer, Apulein, budesonide, benacort, Benarin, Budekort, Buderin. It is also possible to use an analog Pulmicort Budenofalk capsule and nasal spray Tafen Nazal.
The active ingredient of the drug has anti-inflammatory effect in the bronchi, reduces the frequency of exacerbations of asthma and symptoms.
Use of Pulmicort reduces mucus production and the production of sputum, pronounced swelling of the bronchial mucosa and airway hyperresponsiveness.
Prolonged treatment Pulmicort inhalation was well tolerated, has no mineralocorticoid activity.
After inhalation of the therapeutic effect of a few hours. The maximum therapeutic effect of the use of Pulmicort reached after one to two weeks.
According to the instructions Pulmicort indicated for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma requiring maintenance therapy Valium.
Pulmicort under the instruction is contraindicated in children under the age of 6 months. You should not use the drug Pulmicort and analogues in case of hypersensitivity to budesonide.
Pulmicort according to the instructions prescribed with caution in:
- active form of tuberculosis of the lungs;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- bacterial, viral and fungal infections of the respiratory system.
How to use Pulmicort and dosing regimen
Pulmicort inhalation dose set individually. If the dose does not exceed 1 mg per day, it is administered at the same time. If the instruction for Pulmicort administered in a higher dose, it is divided into two steps.
For adults, the initial dose is 1-2 mg per day. Supportive dosage for adults - 0 5-4 mg per day.
The initial dose for children 6 months and older is 0, 25-0, 5 mg per day. Maintenance Dosage - 0 25-2 mg per day.
In the opinion of Pulmicort may cause the following side effects of the various systems of the body's vital functions:
- oropharyngeal irritation, dry mouth, cough, oropharyngeal candidiasis, hoarseness;
- contact dermatitis, skin rash, urticaria;
- irritability, anxiety, behavioral disorders, depression.
In the opinion of Pulmicort in some cases, can cause symptoms of the systemic effects of the SFS, including hypofunction of the adrenal glands.
In rare cases the use of Pulmicort inhalation causes irritation of the skin of the face and bruising of the skin (using a nebulizer with a mask).
In acute overdose on Pulmicort reviews clinical manifestations arise. Using drugs or Pulmicort counterparts for a long time in high doses may suppress adrenal function and the development of Cushing.
Use of Pulmicort during pregnancy and lactation
A number of clinical trials, as well as reviews of Pulmicort in pregnant women, allow us to conclude that the use of budesonide does not cause abnormalities in the fetus. However, to completely eliminate the risk of defects is not possible therefore assign Pulmicort on instructions during pregnancy should minimally permissible doses.
Despite the fact that the active substance and its analogs Pulmicort excreted in breast milk, it was not observed negative influence on the child. Therefore, the use of therapeutic doses Pulmicort may lactation.
Efficiency Pulmicort reduce phenytoin, phenobarbital and rifampicin.
The action of the drug and increase the estrogen analogs Pulmicort, methandrostenolone, beta adrenostimulyatorov.
The preparation is stored in a dry, dark place for no longer than 24 months. After the opening of the container with the drug should not be stored longer than 12 hours.