Potassium chloride - a means of influencing the tissue metabolism.
Potassium chloride sets in the body water and electrolyte balance.
In high doses, it means a moderate diuretic effect, narrows the blood vessels, in small doses - dilates blood vessels.
A solution of potassium chloride participates in conduction of nerve impulses, increases the production of adrenal epinephrine maintains intracellular osmotic pressure involved in the transport of amino acids to stimulate muscle contraction in myasthenia gravis, muscular dystrophy.
The increased concentration of the drug reduces the risk of toxic effects of cardiac glycosides.
Producing infusion solution Potassium chloride 5, 4, 10%, powder for its preparation, and a solution of tablets for internal use.
Indications Potassium chloride
Potassium chloride is prescribed for hypokalemia, for the treatment, prevention, digitalis intoxication, prevention of arrhythmias in patients with acute myocardial.
mode of application
For the treatment of hypokalemia, accompanied by disturbances of heart rhythm is assigned 1-1 5g of the drug 4-5r per day. Once your heart rate recovers, the dosage is reduced.
If digitalis intoxication 2-3gr administered daily, in severe cases, administered Potassium chloride 5 g.
To stop the attacks of paroxysmal tachycardia in 1st day administered 8-12gr after gradually reduced dosage to 3-6gr.
For the treatment, prevention, arrhythmias, myocardial ectopic injected polarizing mixture: Potassium chloride solution and dextrose solution 5-10% (insulin added, relying on dry dextrose 3-4gr 1U).
Most often used in medical practice Potassium Chloride 4%. Its daily dose for internal use is 50-100mekv potassium. A single dose can not exceed 25-50mekv. Dosages for intravenous administration Potassium Chloride 4% are usually calculated after the examination of the patient.
Potassium chloride can cause vomiting, flatulence, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bleeding from the digestive tract, ulcers on the GI mucosa, obstruction, bowel perforation, myasthenia, paresthesia, confusion, decrease in pressure, arrhythmia, cardiac arrest and blockade, allergies, hyperkalemia (in the case of overdose).
Contraindications to the use of potassium chloride
You can not be prescribed to patients with a complete blockade of AV, hyperkalemia, adrenal insufficiency, chronic renal insufficiency, during concomitant therapy potassium-sparing diuretics, with erosions, ulcers of the digestive tract, metabolic disorders, pregnancy, lactation.
Also, the drug is contraindicated in children up to 18L.