Oxytetracycline is an antibacterial medication from the group of antibiotics. The drug is effective for the treatment of viral infections and lesions of various organs, as well as the elimination of pathogenic organisms in the respiratory tract and urogenital system.
Structure and Composition Oxytetracycline
The main active ingredient - Oxytetracycline 100 mg.
Supporting components: sodium chloride, povidone hydroxide benzoate ethanolamide and purified water.
The drug is available as a sterile solution in vials of 10-20 ml and 0.25 g capsules in cardboard boxes of 10 pieces.
The pharmacological action of Oxytetracycline
Oxytetracycline has broad spectrum antimicrobial activity. The drug is effectively destroys bacteria and viruses following: Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Bartonella, Streptococcus, Vibrio cholerae, Brucella, Chlamydia, Treponema, etc.
Oxytetracycline effect on germs and viruses on cellular level by eliminating infection foci and taking off the inflammatory process. The drug acts directed to the synthesis of proteins of pathogens, blocking the connection with the amino acid peptide chain that interrupts cell multiplication of microorganisms.
Indications for use are Oxytetracycline infections of various etiologies, including pneumonia and other respiratory tract lesions bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae.
Also, the drug is indicated for infections of the genitourinary system (gonorrhea in the early stages, syphilis, etc.), infectious skin lesions, complicated stomatitis, conjunctivitis, intestinal infections, trachoma, yaws Tropical.
Instructions for use Oxytetracycline
According to the instructions assigned Oxytetracycline adults 3-4 times a day for 0, 25 g, and in complicated infections the dosage is 3-4 hours a day for 0, 5, the maximum daily dose should not exceed 4 years
In accordance with the recommendations of the attending physician when brucellosis, gonorrhea at an early stage and syphilis Oxytetracycline should take 0, 5 g every 6 hours for 14-20 days. At a late stage of syphilis treatment duration is 30 days.
Instructions Oxytetracycline take medication prescribed with caution in patients with renal and hepatic impairment. For them, the dosage should not exceed 0, 25 g per day.
Due to the presence of the drug in the composition of Ca2 + is possible with oral tooth staining yellow, as well as violation of the enamel.
Chronic administration of Oxytetracycline symptoms of syphilis may go into a latent form, so more tests are needed.
For the prevention of vitamin deficiency in combination with the drug should be given vitamin K and B.
The main contraindications to receiving Oxytetracycline are intolerance and hypersensitivity to the drug, pregnancy, lactation, age 10 years, athlete's foot.
With careful preparation is assigned in the elderly and patients with impaired liver function and kidney function.
Side effects Oxytetracycline
Oxytetracycline side effects are vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, dizziness, glossitis, angioedema, increased sensitivity to light, thrombocytosis, elevated blood pressure and anemia.
In some cases, while taking the drug allergic reactions: skin rash, itching, burning, increased eosinophils in the blood.
In the long course of treatment Oxytetracycline may increase the concentration of urea in the blood, as well as the likely occurrence of beriberi and hyperbilirubinemia.