Omnipak - a contrast agent that is used for medical examination of internal organs and blood vessels.
The active substance omnipak - iohexol representing triyodirovannoe nonionic substances which tend to absorb the X-rays. Through this action, the means of administration, and after carrying out X-ray examination, can be seen on radiographs tissue, cavities, blood vessels.
Omnipaque reaches maximum concentration one hour after administration. Completely out of the body through the iohexol day.
Producing Omnipak solution. 1 ml of the preparation contains 140, 180, 240, 300, 350 mg of iodine.
The instructions omnipak stated that it can be used for arteriography - study of the arteries; kardioangiografii - study, in which the contrast is administered through a catheter into a vein or artery, and so assess the condition of the blood flow, the pressure, blood oxygen saturation; venography - the study of veins; cervical, thoracic or lumbar myelography - research likvoroprovodyaschih ways; arthrography - a survey of the joint capsule; endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography - research that combines X-ray and endoscopy, by which examines the state of the pancreatic and bile ducts; gerniografii- survey hernia, wherein Omnipaque injected into the abdominal cavity; salpingography - X-ray examination of the fallopian tubes; sialography - the study of the salivary glands.
Instructions omnipak: how to use
Omnipaque depending on the purpose of the study, before the procedure, may be given orally, injected into a cavity of internal organs, spinal fluid through mater (subarachnoid), spinal canal (endolyumbalno) in an artery or vein.
The dosage of the drug selected individually. The instructions omnipak indicated average concentrations of iodine intravenously can enter 240, 300, 350 mg; into an artery - 140, 240, 300, 350 mg; cavity - 240, 300 mg; inside - 180, 240, 300, 350 mg; by spinal cord membranes can be administered to 180, 240, 300 mg of iodine.
Prior to study the introduction of omnipak patient must undergo a complete examination. Particular attention is paid according to the doctor about the level of creatinine, a heart condition, and the presence of the past in a patient of any allergic reactions.
If necessary, in the preparation of the patient to X-rays, before the introduction of omnipak him to prescribe drugs to restore electrolyte balance.
Side effects omnipak
Omnipak can cause metallic taste in the mouth, pain or discomfort in the abdomen, nausea, skin rash, vomiting, dyspnea, erythema, swelling, fever, decrease in pressure, headache, bronchospasm, dizziness, bradycardia.
Sometimes the background of developing omnipak iodism - iodine poisoning, which manifests tenderness of the salivary glands and an increase in their size.
Introduction contrast Omnipak contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to iodine, expressed thyrotoxicosis, infection of the brain, epilepsy, pregnant women, breastfeeding.
Require increased attention, patients who have a history there is evidence of allergy, asthma and hypersensitivity reactions to iodine. Such patients prior to X-ray studies using omnipak may appoint antihistamines, corticosteroids.
In addition, administered with caution to patients with severe Omnipak cardiovascular disease, pulmonary hypertension, heart rhythm disorders, brain tumors, prone to seizures.