Nightshade belongs to the family Solanaceae. For sale in pharmacies under the name "stems nightshade." This plant is a climbing shrub which is a woody bottom and top - grassy. Stem branching in bushes, on it are the leaves are alternate, which are at the base of the blade 2 egg or core shape, pointed at the ends. Period flowering nightshade - from June to September. The plant is mostly found in hedges or bushes, as well as shaded and damp places.

Application nightshade

 Nightshade Red
 It belongs to the dangerous shrubs due to the special properties of nightshade, so it requires very careful handling. Experts say that in any case can not engage in self-medication with the content of this plant. The main active ingredient in nightshade are saponins, tannins, glycoside steroidalkaloidy and bitterness.

Due to the properties of nightshade use rarely. It is also believed that this plant is not sufficiently effective. However, the official medicine in Germany still recommends the use of ointments based nightshade in chronic eczema, psoriasis and neurodermatitis.

Traditional medicine has a lot of adherents of this plant. But it is worth noting that all the healing properties of nightshade reduced solely to improve metabolism, although the tea out of it can be taken in dropsy, bronchitis, rheumatism, eczema, asthma and a host of other skin diseases.

Red Nightshade

This is a perennial shrub that has a woody stem. Leaves his large, have a core base and oblong-ovate. The fruit of the plant - is a berry bright red color. Distributed grass in northern Mongolia, the Himalayas and Siberia.

Red nightshade contains a small amount of glycoalkaloids solangina and solatseina from which is cleaved by the hydrolysis of bitter glycoside and alkaloid solanine. These substances and are useful as by the action similar to tannins, ascorbic acid, carbohydrates and other substances.

In folk medicine used young shoots of plants, which are considered a very good remedy for rheumatism, skin diseases, respiratory diseases, metabolic disorders, and a huge number of skin diseases. Broth red nightshade berries recommended for epileptic seizures and headaches.

German and Bulgarian alternative medicine involves the use of drugs of the nightshade in inflammation of the middle ear, colds, neuralgia, cystitis, rheumatic pain, eczema, rashes, irregular menstruation, bronchial asthma.

At high doses or with prolonged use of the drug can cause red nightshade poisoning.

Black Nightshade

This bitter annual plant, which has branched stems, sometimes reaching 90 cm in length. The leaves of grass almost triangular, stalked, and ovoid. The flowers, which are in umbellate inflorescences - small white.

The fruits of black nightshade are green and hot-sour taste. When ripe, the berries turn black, which is the reason the name of the plant. Distributed nightshade in the Far East and Siberia, and it grows near roads, in gardens and in ditches.

The chemical composition of black nightshade studied rather poorly, but notes that it contains carotenoids, organic acids, tannins, glycoalkaloids and sugar.

It is believed that the formulations of black nightshade dilate blood vessels and lower blood pressure, nervous system stimulant effect initially, and after depressing. Recommended drugs nightshade the treatment of hypertension.

Traditional medicine recommends a large number of countries use the plant boiled for headache as a poultice that is applied to the temples or forehead. Infusions of herbs used as an antiseptic, laxative and a sedative.  Black Nightshade

Infusion of flowers nightshade considered a good expectorant and diuretic, but the infusion of herbs is a good sedative and analgesic. Berries uncooked eating to improve vision.

With spastic constipation, bladder spasms, nerve seizures, epilepsy, nervousness, headache drugs plant used in Western Europe.


Though nightshade berries are edible and, with prolonged use, they may cause diarrhea. That is why before applying it is necessary to consult a specialist. Also receiving a large number of drugs can lead to the nightshade speech disorders, or overexcitement.