Neomycin - an antibacterial medication used for the treatment of a wide range of infectious diseases.
The active ingredient Neomycin has antibacterial and antimicrobial effects. The drug is active against:
- Staphylococcus spp .;
- Escherichia coli;
- Proteus spp .;
- Klebsiella pneumoniae;
- Corynebacterium diphtheriae;
- Shigella spp .;
- Vibrio cholerae;
- Streptococcus spp .;
- Listeria monocytogenes;
- Salmonella spp .;
- Enterobacter aerogenes;
- Haemophilus influenzae;
- Micobacterium tuberculosis.
Neomycin instruction has no effect on the anaerobic bacteria and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Neomycin comes in several dosage forms:
- In the form of 0, 5% and 2% ointment for external use in tubes of 15 g and 30 g;
- The tablets of 250 mg and 100 mg.
Neomycin sulfate inwardly used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which are caused by microorganisms susceptible to the drug.
Also as a solution Neomycin sulfate used for the treatment of infectious eye diseases, including inflammation of the outer membrane of the eye, conjunctivitis and inflammation of the cornea.
Neomycin ointment according to the instructions is used to treat infectious and inflammatory diseases of the skin that are caused by drug-sensitive microflora:
- Infected eczema, ulcers and wounds;
- Neyroallergicheskih skin inflammations joined with microbial contamination;
- Purulent inflammation of the skin.
Neomycin sulfate is contraindicated apply at:
- Hypersensitivity to the active substance of the drug;
- Kidney disease;
- Diseases of the auditory nerve.
Neomycin ointment on large surfaces of the skin used with caution in infants, dehydration, parkinsonian syndrome, botulism, neuritis of the VIII cranial nerve and kidney failure.
During pregnancy and lactation neomycin used only on strict conditions.
Neomycin, under the instruction should not take concomitantly with other antibiotics that have ototoxic and nephrotoxic effects - kanamycin, streptomycin and gentamicin monomitsin.
Instructions for use Neomycin
Inside neomycin administered in pill form. The daily dose for adults should not exceed 0, 4 grams of the drug. Babies daily dosage calculated based on the weight of the body - 0, 8 mg per 1 kg weight. Neomycin sulfate, taken twice a day, a course of treatment - 5-7 days. A few days before the surgery are usually prescribed drug inside at therapeutic doses.
Neomycin ointment is applied up to five times a day to the affected skin. The maximum daily dose of 0, 5% ointment - 50-100 g, 2% ointment - 10-20, after applying the ointment, if necessary, can impose a gauze bandage.
According to the instructions of neomycin can cause various side effects. Typically, when applied topically the drug is well tolerated.
If ingestion Neomycin sulfate may cause: disorders of the digestive, nervous, urinary and hematopoietic system, as well as allergic reactions.
The most commonly occur:
- Noise or feeling laying in the ears;
- Contact dermatitis;
- skin irritation;
- Increase or decrease the frequency of urination;
- Oliguria or polyuria;
- Muscle twitching;
- The appearance of a precipitate in the urine;
- Hearing loss;
- Decrease or increase in blood pressure.
Chronic administration Neomycin may develop candidiasis, as well as impaired renal function and hearing.
Neomycin dispensed only by prescription. The shelf life of the drug - 3 years.