Mistletoe - a perennial parasitic plant belonging to the family sandal.
Description and place of distribution
The plant has slender twigs paired with narrow leaves and berries yellowish-white in color. The plant grows in bushes spherical shape, selyas high in the branches of old trees. Nutrients and moisture the plant receives from the host tree, its roots running deep beneath its crust. He prefers apple, but you can see it in other trees with soft bark: linden, hawthorn, chestnut, poplar, oak, birch, and sometimes on some conifers. Particularly noticeable plant in the winter when the trees falling leaves. Blossoms in late winter.
Mistletoe is found in the Baltic States, Central Europe, Belarus, Ukraine, southern Russia, East and Asia Minor, the Caucasus.
In Northern and Eastern Europe it spreads mistletoe colored, very similar to the mistletoe, but the berries in her yellow-orange color. Each berry plant contains only one seed.
Fields of application of mistletoe
In ancient times, a branch plant was considered a talisman. Men wore them with a starting symbol of protection, and women believed that the plant is able to help them conceive.
Currently I found its use mistletoe as a medicinal plant in the chemical industry.
The berries of mistletoe are made adhesive used for controlling flies and pests in different fruit species.
The green branches and plants contain alcohol (pinit, ceryl alcohol, quebracho, etc.), Carbohydrates, Saponin and bitter substances, fatty acids, organic acids, flavonoids, tannins, resin, amino acid, oleanolic acid and ursulovaya, acetylcholine, viskotoksin, ascorbic acid, choline, vistserin, B viskol and-viskol, beta-carotene, macro- and trace elements and a plurality of other active compounds.
Treatment of mistletoe
Mistletoe has been widely used in official medicine. Stems and leaves of the plant have astringent, analgesic, wound healing, diuretic, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory action. Treatment is carried out at the mistletoe lung, uterine, gastrointestinal and epistaxis, and for early menopause. Mistletoe treatment is advantageously carried out with kidney disease, arthritis, rheumatism, intestinal, neuralgia, hypertension, osteochondrosis, atherosclerosis, angina, and a number of other diseases.
Decoction and tincture of mistletoe has a calming effect. The infusion of mistletoe is prescribed for hysteria, epilepsy, anxiety, and convulsions and diseases of the nervous system. Drink infusion and decoction of mistletoe for dizziness, and loss of strength in the elderly, as well as inflammation of the lymph nodes.
Water decoction of mistletoe has anthelmintic action. Drink it for headaches, diarrhea, asthma, tuberculosis, hypertension, painful menstruation, rheumatism and diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Herb mistletoe cut from birch is a blood cleansing remedy, and the plant is cut from a pine or oak, used in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma and heart disease.
In gout, rheumatism, swelling of lymph nodes, abscesses and cancers make lotions from the plant.
When nasal and pulmonary hemorrhage apply liquid extract from the young leaves of the plant.
Contraindications to the use of mistletoe
Mistletoe is contraindicated during pregnancy, hypotension, and in the case of individual intolerance.
Should not be taken during the plant when it is toxic, since it can cause poisoning.
Berry plants are poisonous and can cause severe impairment of the cardiovascular activity. Therefore, to treat drugs based on plants should be only under strict medical supervision.