Loratadine - a drug designed to prevent the development and facilitating the flow of allergic reactions.
Loratadine has anti-allergic, anti-exudative (eliminates the increased vascular permeability and exit of fluid in tissue) and antipruritic properties.
Loratadine is able to block histamine receptors, which causes its antiallergic action aimed at reducing capillary permeability, preventing the development of edema, lifting of smooth muscle spasm.
Loratadine, reviews confirm produces a calming effect, and has no carcinogenic (not conducive to the development of cancer), mutagenic (causes changes in the genetic apparatus) and teratogenic (causes malformations in embryos) action.
The therapeutic effect of the drug can be observed within 30-60 minutes after application of loratadine, 4-12 hours to reach a maximum effect that persists for days.
Loratadine manual recommends taking at:
- allergic rhinitis (seasonal and year-round);
- allergic conjunctivitis;
- angioedema, angioedema;
- acute or chronic urticaria;
- allergic itching dermatoses;
- pseudoallergic reactions gistaminoliberatory (products that stimulate the release of histamine from mast cells);
- bronchial asthma, as an aid;
- allergic reactions to insect stings.
Loratadine tablets, as well as other forms of the drug are not indicated for children younger than 2 years old, pregnant patients, lactating women and persons with hypersensitivity to loratadine.
Instructions for use of loratadine
Loratadine is available in the form of tablets, syrups and suspensions for oral administration.
Loratadine tablets, as well as other forms of the drug are advised to take before meals.
Loratadine children over 12 years, having a body weight more than 30 kg, and adults should be taken once a day, 10 mg, which corresponds to 1 tablet or two dosage spoons of syrup.
Loratadine children 2-12 years who weight less than 30 kg, administered at a dose of 5 mg once daily. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 40 mg. In renal or hepatic failure requires correction dose: 5 mg daily or every other day to 10 mg.
The duration of loratadine determined by a physician, assessing clinical - from 1 day to 4 weeks.
Adverse effects of the drug loratadine reviews and guide include the following:
- fatigue, drowsiness, headache, impaired concentration, nervousness, dizziness, convulsions;
- blurred vision, tremor, tinnitus, pain in the ears and the eyes, conjunctivitis;
- dry mouth, nausea, increased appetite, stomatitis, dental pain, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, hepatitis, jaundice;
- bronchospasm, coughing, laryngitis, chest pain, dry nose, sneezing, nasal congestion;
- heavy menstruation, dysmenorrhea (pain in the abdomen during menstruation), changes in urine color, vaginitis, impotence, weakening of libido;
- itching, dermatitis, hives, skin rash, redness of the skin;
- tachycardia, palpitations, increase or decrease in blood pressure;
- increased sweating, fever, thirst, dry skin and hair, weight gain, breast pain.
Store loratadine manual recommends at room temperature away from sunlight.
Shelf life - 2 years.