Kirin - tricyclic antibiotic used in the treatment of urogenital gonorrhea in women and men.
The active substance Kirin has broad spectrum antibiotic, acting mainly bacteriostatic.
The maximum efficiency of the active substance is marked against Neisseria gonorrhoeae, as well as the active ingredient bactericidal effect on a number of other gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms.
Kirin quickly absorbed and starts to impact an hour.
Kirin produced in the form of a white powder for suspension for intramuscular injection in vials together with the solvent. Each vial contains 2 g of spectinomycin solvent - 3, 2 ml of benzyl alcohol and bacteriostatic water (in dark glass ampoules).
According to the instructions of the Kirin used for:
- Acute gonorrheal urethritis and prostate (in men);
- Acute gonorrheal cervicitis and proctitis caused by susceptible strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (women).
Treatment is carried out at Kirin intolerance of beta-lactam antibiotics. Kirin is also used as prophylaxis after sexual contact with patients with gonorrhea.
According to the instructions of the Kirin is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to spectinomycin. Also, it is not indicated for children under 3 years.
Kirin when kidney function is assigned only to the ineffectiveness of the use of other drugs.
Instructions for use Kirin
For the preparation of suspensions Kirin vial contents are diluted with a solvent (3, 2 ml of water for injection with benzyl alcohol 0, 9%) and immediately mixed. 5 ml of this suspension is used immediately, and the unspent balance must not be stored. For administration to suspensions Kirin used needle length of 40 mm 0 diameter of 8 mm.
For adults using 5 ml suspension Kirin in the upper outer quadrant of the gluteus maximus deep intramuscular injection. If necessary, the dose may be divided into two times. In severe cases, the dose prescription can be doubled. Special instructions for use in elderly people Kirin no.
Kids Kirin apply from 3 years: weighing up to 45 kg - at the rate of 40 mg per 1 kg of body weight over 45 kg - 2 g of the drug intramuscularly once.
Currently, cases of overdose when using Kirin were reported.
Kirin can be used during pregnancy on strict conditions. In its use during lactation is contraindicated.
Usually Kirin well tolerated. In applying Kirin can sometimes arise:
- Insomnia and dizziness;
- Anaphylactic reactions, fever, skin rash, urticaria;
- Cholestatic jaundice, nausea, abdominal cramps.
Kirin on instructions do not apply a day before a dialysis session, due to the reduction of its efficiency.
Kirin release on the doctor's prescription. Shelf life - 5 years. Preparing a suspension of the Kirin not be stored.