Karbotsistein (Carbocisteine) belongs to the category bronhosekretoliticheskih drugs (drugs mucolytic action), who are appointed by thinning, splitting and dissolution accumulates in the respiratory tract of viscous mucus (sputum).
Karbotsistein widely used as one of the main drugs for treatment of diseases of the bronchi and lungs. It performs the function of sekretomotornym provoking process expectoration and providing a free expectoration. Reviews Karbotsistein lead to the conclusion that he was acting on mucus alters its structure and slows down the process of its formation. The drug increases the production sialomutsinov - substances capable of binding the viruses and prevent their further spread in the body.
The drug is prescribed for the treatment Karbotsistein diseases of the respiratory tract that are accompanied by the formation of a large amount of viscous sputum expectorated hard having mucous or purulent-mucous form:
- acute and chronic obstructive bronchitis;
- pneumonia without specifying the pathogen;
- when bronchiectasis;
- in cystic fibrosis;
- when bronchiolitis;
- bronchial asthma;
- when occurring in the middle ear and sinus inflammation (rhinitis, sinusitis, otitis media);
- in preparing the patient for bronchoscopy and / or bronhografii;
- when tracheostomy, etc.
Karbotsistein appointed and after surgery in the respiratory system, as well as after the application intratrahialnogo anesthesia.
According to the instructions, it is Karbotsistein drug action which helps to regulate the state of sputum in all structures of the human body that contain mucoproteins: in the gastrointestinal tract, the respiratory tract, the urogenital system in the inner ear. It provides a normalization of the state of the mucous membranes and facilitates the process of regeneration.
Karbotsistein comes in two forms:
- A syrup 5% and 2% (i.e., 1 ml of syrup contains 0, 0 05 g or 02 g of active substance) in vials of 125 or 300 ml;
- 0 capsules, 375 g of 32 pieces per pack.
Instructions Karbotsistein: Dosage
Dosage is assigned depending on the age of the patient.
Adults appoint take 1 tablespoon of 5% syrup three times a day.
In appointing Karbotsistein capsules should be taken 1-2 pieces 2 or 3 times a day.
Children aged 2, 5 and 5 years: 1 teaspoon 2% syrup twice a day.
Children older than 5 years: 1 teaspoon of 5% syrup three times a day, or 2 teaspoons of 2% syrup three times a day.
Karbotsistein contraindicated in children under the age of 2, 5 years (in any form), for children up to 12 years - in the form of capsules, as well as the presence of gastric ulcer disease 12 duodenal ulcer, acute exacerbations of chronic glomerulonephritis in the first trimester of pregnancy, disorders in the kidneys, individual sensitivity to the active ingredient.
By appointment Karbotsistein should be approached with caution in handling cases of pregnant women (2nd and 3rd trimester) and breastfeeding women.
Because the drug in the form of syrup does not contain sugar, it is allowed to assign patients with diabetes mellitus.
According to the pharmacological action counterparts Karbotsistein include:
- Libeksin Muko;
Side effects Karbotsistein
Like its counterparts in the hotel Karbotsistein cases able to provoke nausea, vomiting, stomach upset and diarrhea, bleeding in the stomach and intestines, dizziness, headaches, general weakness and malaise.
Also, according to reviews, Karbotsistein can cause allergic reactions such as rashes, itching and redness of the skin.