Kalpol - antipyretic and analgesic, is actively used in pediatric practice, it refers to non-narcotic analgesic drugs.
Method of production
Kalpol available in the following forms: The suspension, syrup, injectable solution, oral solution, capsule, powder for solution effervescent rectal suppositories. Kalpol Children suspension, syrup, rectal suppository, effervescent powder for solution.
Pharmacological action Kalpola
The active ingredient of the drug is Kalpol Paracetamol.
The substance is a narcotic analgesic action affects pain and thermoregulatory receptors of the central nervous system, so does not have a local impact. Also does not have anti-inflammatory activity, is not conducive to water retention in the tissues, does not irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.
According to the instructions Kalpol prescribed with increasing body temperature to subfebrile febrile and values, as well as the presence of severe pain syndrome moderate (existing reviews of Kalpole confirm that the pain for a strong degree of its action is not enough in this case prescribe narcotic analgesics). Such conditions include headache, joint, muscle pain, tooth pain, including pain and fever caused by teething, migraine pain and migraine as the first and second stages, painful menstruation, neuralgia.
Instructions for use Kalpola
According to the instructions Kalpol taken orally is not earlier than 1, 5-2 hours after a meal, as simultaneous food intake and medication inhibits its action
. Capsules is recommended drink plenty of water
. The dosage prescribed by the doctor, depending on the individual patient and indications
. The maximum allowed single dose for an adult 1mg daily - 4 mg, the maximum daily dose Kalpola for children aged up to six months - 350 mg, up to a year - 500mg
. In the future, the dosage is determined by the weight of the child: with a weight of up to 15kg maximum daily dose of 750mg Kalpola to 22kg - 1 g to 30 kg - 1, 5g to 40kg - 2 g
. The daily dose is partitioned into 4 receptions at intervals of at least 4 hours between doses
. According to the instructions Kalpol permitted to accept without a doctor's prescription, but such treatment should not exceed 3 days
. If fever or pain does not decrease further the drug is allowed only after consulting your doctor
The maximum duration of receiving Kalpola on responses of experts should not exceed 7 days.
It should be taken into account in the appointment of
If necessary, long-term use of the drug is needed control of the liver and peripheral blood picture, with the reception Kalpola can distort the performance of content in the blood plasma glucose and uric acid. In diabetes Kalpola syrup used with caution, because it contains a significant amount of sucrose - 0, 06 XE 5 ml of the drug. In this case it is better to choose a drug form, for example, rectal suppositories or capsules.
Not Recommended joint reception Kalpola and ethyl alcohol, as there is a serious risk of damage to the liver and pancreas: patients with chronic alcoholism in the treatment of the risk of Kalpolom hepatosis and acute pancreatitis.
It is unacceptable the simultaneous use Kalpola and any other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, due to a serious risk of kidney damage, joint reception and Kalpola salicylates (for example, acetylsalicylic acid) can cause cancer of the kidney or bladder. In an application Kalpola and myelotoxic drugs increase the risk of blood pathologies.
The drug is contraindicated in individual hypersensitivity to paracetamol before the age of 3 months in the elderly, liver diseases, alcoholism, deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, renal insufficiency, Gilbert's syndrome and other hyperbilirubinemia.
Side effects when taking Kalpola
In general reviews about Kalpole indicate that it is a safe and effective tool, but there are cases where paracetamol ingestion causes the following adverse reactions:
- Immune system - toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell's syndrome), erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), angioneurotic edema, urticaria;
- From the nervous system - hyperexcitability, disorientation, dizziness, loss of coordination;
- On the part of metabolism - decrease in blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia);
- From the urinary system - kidney tissue damage (papillary necrosis, inflammation of the renal tubules)
- On the part of the digestive tract - dyspepsia (nausea, heartburn, epigastric pain), liver disease;
- From the blood of the blood - the development of aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, neutropenia, pancytopenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, sulfgemoglobinemii, methemoglobinemia.
It should be noted that in most cases there are no side effects when taking Kalpola according to the instructions and as a rule, due to significant excess dosage. It is particularly important to adhere to the doctor's prescription when using Kalpola for children, and unless absolutely necessary not to resort to self-medication.
The preparation is stored out of reach of direct sunlight, at room temperature not exceeding 25 ° C. Shelf life 3 years.
Kalpol included in List B (medicines that used with caution because of the possibility of complications, the use of which requires medical supervision). No prescription required.