Melilot - herbaceous biennial belonging to the legume family, subfamily butterfly.
Description of grass clover
Melilot reaches a height of 1 m. Has silnovetvisty stem, small leaves, yellow flowers, gathered in axillary brush. Beans seeded. The plant is very fragrant, blooming all summer long.
The plant is very undemanding and drought-resistant. In the wild it grows on roadsides, vacant lots, ravines and meadows.
It is found in Asia, Europe, North and South America, New Zealand, Russia and the Ukraine, Central Asia and the Caucasus steppe regions. This plant is often grown specifically for culinary and medicinal purposes.
Found clover used in folk and scientific medicine. Grass clover is highly appreciated farmers as easily digestible and high quality livestock feed. In addition, the plant enriches the soil with nitrogen and is an excellent plant fertilizer. A sweet clover honey beekeepers is considered one of the most useful and delicious. He has a pleasant vanilla scent.
I found its application in cooking and sweet clover. Because young plants prepare salads and soups. Grass clover zasushivat and used as a seasoning for fish, add the preparation of sauces and marinades.
In the perfume industry properties clover used as preservative of odors. Sometimes a plant is added to the tobacco blend for flavoring. Also, the plant is a very effective tool in the fight against moths.
The chemical composition of melilot
Fragrant plants give a pleasant smell of coumarin. In the flowers found its maximum content.
Grass clover contains melitozid, melilotin derivatives coumaric acid, mucus, protein substances and essential oils.
Medicinal properties of sweet clover
Melilot very much appreciated thanks to its coumarin. Coumarin is a depressing effect on the nervous system and may prevent cramping.
Studies have shown that the substance coumarin ability to raise blood pressure, improves blood circulation of the brain, abdominal cavity and the myocardium, increases the strength of heart muscle contractions.
In addition to the coumarin, the plant contains substances that give the properties of biogenic stimulators sweet clover. Experiments were performed on rats to verify the survival after administration of large doses of strychnine. It was found that the aqueous extracts of sweet clover drug blocked the toxic action of venom and prolongs the life of the guinea.
Introduction drugs grass clover stimulates the phagocytic activity of leukocytes and increases their number.
Because plants make teas and infusions, it is a part of medical fees. Because it is made sweet clover patch which is used in chronic inflammatory processes of the skin.
Inside decoctions and infusions taken as a sedative and anticonvulsant, coronary heart disease. For colds properties clover used for expectoration of sputum.
External plant is used in the treatment of rheumatism.
In addition, the plant in folk medicine used to treat flatulence and constipation, for the treatment of diseases affecting women and menopause.
Ointments based clover treat sores and boils.
Sweet Clover honey is also very valuable. When it is applied to mastitis, breast cancer, and in arthrosis and arthritis make honey massage.
Contraindications to the use of sweet clover
The plant can not take people with reduced blood clotting, kidney disease, a hemorrhagic vasculitis. Pregnancy is also a contraindication for receiving.
In case of overdose plant may be vomiting, nausea, headache.