Gentian - plant family gentianaceae.
Also known as grass: motherboard, gentian, gorchak. The roots of the plant are long and branched, and stem, which often grows higher meter has no hairs and various branches. Leaves petiolate, have the shape of an ellipse, from 3 to 5 veins. Gentian flowers gathered in large numbers in the axils of upper leaves, on the legs. The plant has a yellow corolla quinquepartite characterized dark dots in the throat. The fruit of this plant spiky and its box is an incredible amount of small seeds. Gentian seeds have the shape of a spindle, they "supplied" with small wings, through which are scattered by the wind.
Rootstock and gentian root thick, ringed, branched, up to 60 cm in length are longitudinally wrinkled bark, bearing deep furrow. The bark is reddish-brown hue. A cross section of the plant is often allocated timber having a light yellow-brown color, it has a kind of faint odor and a very bitter taste in the water swells greatly.
Gentian presented weight both annual and perennial grasses and dwarf shrubs that have short stems, small or single flowers of different colors (blue, white, blue and yellow). Flowering takes place in a rather different time, it all depends on the type of plant.
Gentian growing in the mountains of Central Europe (eg Switzerland), but in Russia this plant is not found. However, attempts were made to its cultivation in the southern regions, and this has been possible. Presented born more than 500 species that grow across the globe.
The use of gentian
The most widespread use in the medical field has a yellow gentian, but the point of view of the plant is its complete replacement. Quite often used for medicinal purposes and an ordinary kind of plants, and blue, which is also called blue hunter.
Drugs used to stimulate gentian secreting glands of digestion, appetite. They also have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory action. This plant is able to improve the formation of bile and bile, significantly strengthen the heartbeat.
In addition, the indications for use of the plant are digestive disorders, characterized by Achille (abnormal and unusual composition of gastric juice), lack of appetite, as well as diathesis and anemia.
Infusions and decoctions of the roots of gentian can be assigned as a fortifying agent to patients undergoing rehabilitation after a very severe disease.
The root, gentian flowers and seeds are commonly used to strengthen the vitality, the treatment of arthritis, scurvy, diseases of the spleen, constipation, flatulence, jaundice, as well as to stimulate activity of the gallbladder and liver.
Flowers gentian is not used as a medicinal plant, it is best suited for this purpose roots that are dug or autumn, or spring, but not before the plants reach the age of 4 years (in vivo) or 5-6 years ( growing conditions on the plantations). Dried gentian root very quickly, as during long-term drying, they may lose their healing properties. Ready raw material is stored no more than 5 years in a dry and cool place.
Without fear of occurrence of various side effects, according to experts, gentianaceae drops or infusions can be used in an amount not exceeding 35 drops.
However, categorically refuse the use of any drug based on gentian is pregnant women and people who have ulcers of the stomach or intestines. Also, the bitterness may be an agent provocateur of allergic reactions characterized by severe headache, so people with any allergic predispositions should refuse drugs gentian.