Elefloks - medication
fluoroquinolone, an antimicrobial agent.
Pharmacological action Elefloksa
The main active ingredient is levofloxacin Elefloksa composition which promotes blocking DNA gyrase and bacterial topoisomerase IV inhibiting DNA synthesis and inducing morphological changes in their cytoplasm, membrane and cell wall. With this done bactericidal and antimicrobial effects on the patient.
The drug Elefloks comes in two forms:
tablets weighing 250 and 500 mg. Lenticular tablets have a yellowish-pink, oval-shaped, film-coated. On one side of engraving "250" or "500" depending on the weight of the active substance. The tablets are packed into blisters of 5 pieces. One pack contains 1 or 2 blisters;
a clear solution for infusion has a greenish-yellow color. In 100 ml vial contains medication.
Instructions for use of the drug prescribed Elefloksu in infectious and inflammatory diseases caused by susceptible to the drug by microorganisms. These include:
exacerbation of chronic bronchitis;
complicated and uncomplicated urinary tract infections (including pyelonephritis);
soft tissue infections, and skin (abscess festering atheroma, abrasions);
Drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis (as part of combination therapy).
Medical reviews Eleflokse revealed a number of contraindications. The drug is not recommended for use in the event that the patient falls into one of the categories described below:
hypersensitivity to levofloxacin or other quinolone species;
tendon damage caused by their prior therapy with quinolones;
age 18 years;
during pregnancy and lactation.
The preparation is allowed to use for the elderly, patients with a deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and patients with impaired renal function only when it can be guaranteed medical supervision.
Instructions for use Elefloksa
It is recommended to take
Elefloks before a meal or in between meals. Do not chew, drink plenty of water. Instruction Elefloksu recommends the following dosages depending on the disease:
sinusitis when taking 500 mg of the drug inside once during the day; an exacerbation of the chronic form of bronchitis - just once a day for 250-500 mg;
pneumonia should be Elefloks tablets once or twice a day for 250-500 mg; at / in a recommended dose is 500 mg 1 or 2 times a day;
infectious lesions of the urinary tract dosage for in / and oral administration is the same: 250 mg once a day;
soft tissue infections and skin Elefloks taken orally one or two times a day in an amount of 250-500 mg.
The drug can cause some side effects, but the probability of their occurrence, judging by the reviews on Eleflokse small. Possible adverse reactions include the following:
vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, goiter, pseudomembranous enterocolitis, hyperbilirubinemia;
allergy in the form of itching, photosensitivity, edema of the mucous membranes and skin, urticaria, erythema, dyspnea, anaphylactic shock, vasculitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis;
rhabdomyolysis, exacerbation of porphyria, superinfection, persistent fever.
Application Elefloksa and analogues medications in doses higher than recommended, can lead to the appearance of an overdose, the symptoms of which include: confusion, convulsive seizures by type of epilepsy, dizziness, nausea, erosive lesions of the gastrointestinal mucosa.
Symptomatic treatment is recommended, as the there is no specific antidote.
Elefloks and analogues of the drug
There are a number of drugs that are similar in structure and mode of action with Elefloksom, their list is shown below:
Maklevo et al.
Elefloks stored up to 2 years at a temperature not exceeding the mark of 25 ° C. It is recommended to protect the drug from the reach of children.