Echinops - herbaceous plant belonging to the family Asteraceae.
The plant reaches a height of 1, 5 m, has a thick stem subramose root. Glubokorazdelnye Leaves, alternate, slightly arachnoid or naked, on top of a dark green color. Radical and lower stem leaves petiolate, others sessile.
Inflorescence spherical, large, many-flowered heads at the ends of the stem poodinochno.
Plants grow in Europe, North Africa, Central Asia and the Southern Urals. He prefers rocky slopes, grasslands, roadsides, sand and coastal shingle.
Echinops ordinary honey plant is the strongest. 1 hectare can collect about 1 ton of honey.
For therapeutic purposes, using seeds Echinops.
The chemical composition of Echinops
The seeds Echinops contains alkaloids (mainly - echinopsine - 2%). Also there are present fatty oils, triterpenoids, flavonoids, tannins, ascorbic acid, rubber, saponins, higher aliphatic hydrocarbons.
Application of Echinops in medicine
The plant treated asthenia and paresis since ancient times. Dioscorides, the famous ancient healer, not once in his writings mentioned this plant.
Currently, I found its application in pharmacology and Echinops scientific medicine.
At this plant, pharmacists noticed in 1900, when it found echinopsine, similar in its effect on strychnine. In those days echinopsine in medical practice has not been applied. And then, in the 50s of last century began to make echinopsine drugs.
The official medicine used echinopsine nitrate solution for injection and for internal use. Echinopsine able to stimulate the reflex excitability of the spinal cord, thereby increasing muscle tone and motor activity. It also exacerbates the pain response to pathogens. It has been proven that echinopsine strengthens the processes of excitability and conduction in nerve endings by increasing the capacity of their actions and increasing the permeability of cell membranes.
It was observed that echinopsine lowers blood pressure and dilates blood vessels, increases the frequency and amplitude of the cardiac rhythm.
In therapy, the use of Echinops and echinopsine was quite wide. Treatment with drugs, was conducted at echinopsine muscular atrophy, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, when the lesions of the peripheral nerves. It was used to eliminate the effects of radiation sickness and as a tonic and tonic.
In '81 the last century based preparations echinopsine were excluded from used in connection with the advent of more effective drugs.
Echinops found application in folk medicine. Here it is used for exhaustion, to relieve a headache for relief of seizures. Seeds Echinops is used as a diuretic. In patients with hypertension and heart disease, they are taken inside.
Inflorescence plants are part of the fees received for gastroenteritis, malaria, pleurisy.
Some parts of Echinops is used for the treatment of echinococcosis of the liver and infectious hepatitis.
Externally the plant is prescribed for skin diseases.
Contraindications and precautions
Echinops - the plant is poisonous, its toxicological properties are still not fully understood. Therefore, it should only be used under strict medical supervision.