Oftakviks (international name - Levofloxacin) is an antimicrobial drug from the group of fluoroquinolones. The drug is designed to eliminate eye inflammation and destruction of harmful microorganisms that can not be treated with penicillin and other antibiotics.
Structure and Composition
The main active ingredient - Levofloxacin 5, 12 mg.
Auxiliary components: benzalkonium chloride, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid and purified water. Oftakviks produced in the form of eye drops from a dropper into vials of 5 ml which are placed in a cardboard box. Drops Oftakviks have a light yellow color, smooth consistency and a faint smell of chloride.
Pharmacological properties Oftakviksa
Eye drops are Oftakviks drug with broad-spectrum anti-bacterial, anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory effect. The active ingredient of the drug is directed to the suppression of the synthesis of DNA gyrase and morphology change in the cytoplasm, membrane and cell structures.
Oftakviks effect against various ophthalmic bacteria and microorganisms, including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella oxytoca, Moraxella catarrhalis, Proteus vulgaris, Bordetella pertussis, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Acinetobacter anitratus, etc.
The active substance levofloxacin has a strong antimicrobial activity and inhibits the formation of the DNA of microorganisms and neutralize their negative effect on the mucous membrane of the eye.
Good reviews Oftakviks has both a fast-acting drug, and a high degree of effectiveness in the treatment of eye diseases caused by Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
Drops Oftakviks after application to the mucous membrane of the eye may be delayed in the tear film. The average concentration of the drug is achieved within 5-7 hours, and the maximum concentration fixed at 4 days and application of 2 mg / ml.
The therapeutic effect of the drug is maintained for 6 days after completing treatment. Active components Oftakviksa within 5-7 days create and maintain a lock on re-infection eye infections and bacteria.
Drops Oftakviks indicated for use in different types of superficial lesions eye infections, Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, bacterial corneal ulcers, chronic and acute inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes. The drug is indicated for the treatment of conjunctivitis, blepharitis, keratitis, dacryocystitis and meybomita.
Positive feedback received Oftakviks as an effective drug for the prevention of complications after eye surgery and during rehabilitation.
A lot of good reviews Oftakviks is an effective means for the treatment of infection, inflammation and the effects of foreign bodies on the eyeball and adnexa.
Instructions for use Oftakviksa
According to the instructions Oftakviks used topically, digging in the corner of the eye medication to the affected area or the mucous membrane. Within 2-3 days applied 2 drops of preparation in each eye, and then the dosage is increased to 4 drops per day. The duration of treatment should be determined by a physician, who during the course adjusts the dosage in accordance with the readings of the patient and the type of eye diseases. The average duration of treatment is 5-10 days.
In accordance with the instruction Oftakviks not be administered to pregnant women because it has adverse effects on the fetus. If you need high prescribing breastfeeding overturned.
Instructions Oftakviksa prescribes compliance interval taking other ophthalmic drugs. You can not bury Oftakviks in the anterior chamber, and data drops are not recommended while wearing soft contact lenses.
Eye drops are contraindicated Oftakviks to the appointment if you are hypersensitive and allergic reactions to the presence of components of the drug, pregnancy and lactation, and in children younger than 2 years.
Be wary appoint patients with Oftakviks inflammatory lesions of the skin, kidney and liver failure, severe cardiovascular diseases, and the elderly.
Side effects Oftakviksa
Oftakviks may provoke allergic reactions, including burning and itching, hives, conjunctivitis and angioedema. Drops may cause the development of blepharitis, eyelid edema, dermatitis, erythema and irritable eyes.
Active substance levofloxacin can have side effects on various body systems. Adverse actions include:
- the central nervous system - headache, dizziness, mental disorders, impaired coordination, fatigue, drowsiness, fatigue, nightmares, ringing in the ears, blurred vision;
- of the cardiovascular system - hypertension, heart disease, phlebitis, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, tachycardia, thrombocytopenia, cardiac blood flow;
- The respiratory system - rhinitis, sinusitis, asthma, dry cough, shortness of breath, bronchitis, respiratory failure;
- the digestive system - a sharp weight loss, nausea, vomiting, flatulence, neuralgia, pain in the stomach and intestine, dry mouth, excessive salivation, colitis, gastritis, hepatitis, dysphagia, abnormalities in liver function;
- on the part of the genitourinary system - vaginitis, itching and burning in the genitals, kidney damage, sexual dysfunction, impotence, disorders of ejaculation;
- on the part of the musculoskeletal system - arthritis, rheumatism, gout, arthritis, myalgia, muscle cramps, arthralgia, tendonitis, weakening of muscle tone.
After treatment drops Oftakviks skin reactions may occur, including sealing, flushing, skin rash, peeling, and sweating, which usually disappear within 5-7 days.