Cyprus - a tall grass that has long leaves and large flowers of deep pink color. Meets the plant completely in all continents, it is especially common in temperate zones. Fireweed grows well in bright places such as flat banks of streams and rivers, deforestation, burning and meadows. On the territory of Russia grows about 17 species of this plant, the most common is called "Ivan the tea."
An interesting fact is that the English name, which literally translates as "grass fire» (fireweed), reflects the ability of plants to grow even in the field of fire. These properties fireweed particularly evident during World War II, as the field of bombings and various fires the next or in the same year began to appear large fields with the plant.
According to biologists, overgrown fireweed large enough help to create a special microclimate, which may be a little warmer than the environment. This means that the plant is able to help young trees as protecting them from cold and wind. Also, thanks to Cyprus may accelerate reforestation, which was damaged by fire.
Application of fireweed
As the most popular Russian name of the plant is "Ivan tea" or "tea Koporye" it is logical to assume that the properties of fireweed allow its use as a tea. At least in the CIS countries is the application - the most common. However, in other countries there are also other use of the plant. For example, North Americans use the raw material as a sweetener for ice cream, syrups and jellies. It is also known that American Indians are used fireweed in one of their traditional desserts, which was called «sxusem».
Roots, shoots and young leaves of the plant are approved for use in food, however, they have a slightly bitter taste. It is noted that the plant is rich in minerals and vitamins. Also Cyprus - a great honey plant, and, besides, honey harvested from it differs remarkable healing properties and rich spicy taste.
Traditional medicine uses plant raw materials for the treatment of diseases of the stomach, kidney, throat, prostate, bladder and bowel as anti-inflammatory agent. It is believed that a decoction of fireweed - this is an excellent remedy for insomnia, headaches, internal bleeding and anemia. Properties fireweed helped him to be recognized and official medicine, where it is used to combat a variety of diseases of the urinary and prostate tumors.
As a drug and used for cooking small flowers, leaves and stems of young plants. The preform stems should start with their cutting, which is made very close to the ground (assuming they can even be easy to break), and prepared by drying the stems of flowers is down in a well-ventilated area. Do not use in any ways large and hairy flowers that are purple or dark red color.
To prepare a medicinal tea to pour 0, 5 liters. boiling water 2 tablespoons dried flowers of fireweed, and then leave to infuse for a few minutes. To consume this drink is only the food, but it is necessary to limit the application of two cups per day.
Absolutely all parts of the plant are rich in iron, tannins, tannins, flavonoids, manganese, and vitamins A and C.
The plant can be harmful only if long-term use, while some irregularities may occur in the intestines and stomach.