Chloramphenicol eye - drugs used in ophthalmology
Chloramphenicol eye - an antimicrobial agent with bacteriostatic action aimed at the suppression of gram-negative, gram-positive organisms, strains resistant to streptomycin, penicillin, sulfonamides: Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Friedlander, some species of Enterobacteriaceae neisserial, Staphylococcus, Mycoplasma, Rickettsia, streptococcus.
Insensitive to levomitsitin eye simple, Clostridium, Pseudomonas wand, acid-fast organisms. Ineffective drug against serratsy.
Resistance to the drug develops slowly. After using the drops there is a high concentration of resources in the iris, vitreous body, cornea. The crystal of the drug does not penetrate.
Chloramphenicol eye drops available in vials 10ml.
Chloramphenicol is common - dia eye drops produced in 5ml and 10ml bottles.
Indications for use of chloramphenicol eye
Drops are used in ophthalmology for treatment of infectious eye diseases: blepharitis, keratitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis neuroparalytic, keratoconjunctivitis, Blepharoconjunctivitis, other diseases caused by susceptible to the antibiotic chloramphenicol organisms.
Also eyedrops Chloramphenicol effective in cases where other antibacterials and other drugs have failed.
Chloramphenicol drops are contraindicated in renal failure, liver, hematopoiesis disorders, hypersensitivity to an agent.
Be wary prescribers nursing, pregnant women, children up to two years, patients with psoriasis, eczema.
The risk of side effects is increased by simultaneous use of chloramphenicol eye with drugs, oppressive blood (sulfonamides, cytostatics), appointment of agents during radiation therapy.
If after instillation of chloramphenicol eye the patient noted a loss of visual acuity, it is recommended to refrain from driving, engage in activities that require attention.
Instructions for use Chloramphenicol drops
Apply dia Chloramphenicol eye drops locally - instill one, two drops in the conjunctival sac every 1-4ch.
Recruit Drops only clean pipette. The recommended course of treatment - no more than two weeks.
Before burying the contact lens is necessary to remove and re-dress them only half an hour after use of the drug.
Chloramphenicol can cause itching, redness, burning. With long-term use of the drug (three or more weeks) may develop leukopenia, aplastic anemia, thrombocytopenia, secondary fungal infection.
If side effects appeared, chloramphenicol should be abolished.