Berotek - bronchodilators, designed for relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and relieving bronchospasm.
The main active ingredient is berotek fenoterol hydrobromide, due to the properties which relaxes smooth muscle of blood vessels and bronchi. Also, this material provides effective protection against methacholine, histamine, cool air and some allergens. Berotek able to prevent bronchial obstruction, which arose as a result of physical stress, and stimulate mucociliary clearance (local respiratory protection). This drug has the properties of a respiratory stimulant.
After applying berotek inhalation drug begins to act a few minutes and retains its efficacy for 3-5 hours. 10-30% of fenoterol hydrobromide falls into the lower respiratory tract, and the rest is deposited in the upper airways, and then swallowed. Berotekom swallowed amount does not affect the concentration of fenoterol in the blood, which was achieved after inhalation. The drug is capable unchanged get into breast milk and crosses the placental barrier.
According to the instructions, Berotek appointed in the following cases:
- Removing asthma attacks;
- symptomatic treatment of bronchial asthma;
- treatment of conditions with reversible airway narrowing;
- prevention of exercise-induced asthma;
- before inhalation mucolytics, antibiotics, corticosteroids as bronchodilator agents;
- in the study of respiratory function for acting bronchodilator test.
Instructions for use berotek
Berotek is available as a solution for inhalation. 1 ml (20 drops) of the preparation contains 1 mg of active substance. Application berotek for inhalation should be done under medical supervision.
For removal of bronchial asthma attacks for children over 12 and adults is recommended to use 10 drops of the solution, in severe cases, the dose can be increased to 20-25 drops, but extremely difficult - to 20-25 drops.
Children 6-12 years for this purpose appoint 10 drops berotek inhalation, in severe cases - 20 drops, in extreme cases - 30 drops.
In order to prevent exercise-induced asthma for adults and children 6 years and older patients administered 10 drops of the drug 4 times a day. The same dosing regimen used in adults and children from 6 years in the symptomatic treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive bronchitis. Children under 6 years of data diagnosis should begin with 5 drops 3 times a day, the maximum possible one-time use of 20 drops, but only on prescription.
Berotek inhalation before use should be diluted with saline to 3.4 ml volume. The duration of inhalation is controlled by the spending of the solution. Breeding berotek for inhalation should be carried out immediately before the procedure. The interval between puffs should not be less than 4 hours.
Before applying berotek instruction to him to be studied in detail, as in some cases the possible negative reaction to the drug:
- headache, nervousness, dizziness, fine tremor;
- increased heart rate, tachycardia, angina, arrhythmia;
- hypokalemia (decreased potassium ions in the blood), hyperglycemia (increased blood glucose);
- local irritation, cough;
- vomiting, nausea;
- muscle cramps, increased sweating, myalgia (muscle pain), weakness;
- allergic reactions.
According to the instructions, Berotek not indicated for hypersensitivity to fenoterol, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and tachyarrhythmia.
Caution is needed in the appointment of berotek the following diseases:
- severe diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- recent myocardial infarction;
- arterial hypertension;
- atony of the intestines;
The usefulness of berotek inhalation during pregnancy and during breast-feeding is determined by your doctor.
The instructions to berotek said that a solution should be stored in a place where the temperature does not exceed 30
C. Shelf life is 5 years.
Berotek H for all characteristics is an analog berotek. The difference is in the form of release - Berotek H is metered aerosol inhalation. One dose corresponds to 100 mg of fenoterol hydrobromide. For removal of bronchial asthma attacks for children older than 4 years old and adults it is recommended to use 1 dose if the effect does not come children over 6 years and adults in five minutes can be repeated inhalation.
For the prevention and treatment of asthma, and for the symptomatic treatment of other conditions which are characterized by reverse airway constriction children 6 years and adults for one inhalation dose recommended to use 1-2 berotekom H (no more than 8 hours). Children 4-6 years are usually given one dose of the techniques that should be applied no more than 4 times a day. Between inhalations interval must be about 3 hours. More detailed guidance on the use of H berotek should give the treating physician. Storage conditions of the drug are the same as berotek shelf life - 3 years.