Backache is a grassy meadow perennials that has a powerful vertical rhizome. Blossoms cross until leafing. There are many folk names of plants, among them - the sleep-grass, sheep grass, grass Strelna, bitches, dream interpretation, urchuy, cross upland, urchin, samsonchik. Basal leaves from grass omitted, cut into three segments, which in turn are divided into two sections, each of which "carries" another sharpened toothed segments (in an amount of 2-4).
During the flowering stalks lumbago meadow covered with dense soft hairs. In the sleep-grass is "covered" by the three sheets, fused at the base - is ringed divided into linear, very hairy segments. Flowers - shirokokolokolchatye. On lumbago "sit" 6 ovate-pointed, blue-violet hairy leaflets having a length of 3-4 cm. The stamens have yellow meadow lumbago, they are a bit shorter than the leaves. Fruits of sleep-grass are 3-5 cm long and very hairy column.
The flowering period in the second half of spring (late April - May). Distributed grass in the European part of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. Most often grows on the edges of woods, dry slopes, open sandy hills and pine forests.
Application lumbago meadow
With the purpose of treatment can be used only the leaves that are harvested in the flowering period lumbago meadow.
The plant contains the steroid sitosterol, beta triterpenoid Armin, gamma-lactone ranunkulin, holidonovaya acid and gamma-pyrone derivatives. The roots of the plants are placed a saponin. The ground part of lumbago is rich in organic acids, gamma-lactone, essential oils, anemonin. Stems stored in traces of alkaloids, which are in the leaves of the plant. By the way, even the leaves are rich in vitamin C. But in the flowers of the plant during the study were found anthocyanins (delphinidin glycosides and perargopilina) and traces of alkaloids.
Traditional medicine uses cross the meadow as a good sleeping pill and sedative. The plant has a bactericidal, fungicidal, coughs, inflammatory and bactericidal action. Infusion of herbs is widely used in rheumatism, whooping cough, female diseases, asthma and bronchitis.
Aboveground part lumbago meadow is used in homeopathy for the treatment of nervous disorders, amenorrhea, measles, gastritis, an inflammation of the Eustachian tube, menstrual disorders, and conjunctivitis, metabolic disorders, diseases of the urinary tract and kidneys.
A decoction of the aerial parts of the plants in Northeast China used as an expectorant and an aqueous extract of the sleep-grass is used in Belarus with fungal infections of the skin, and wound dressings.
To prepare the infusion of lumbago meadow, you need to pour a glass of cold water 10 g of finely ground plant, leave the mixture for a day and then strain it. It applies only topically to treat skin diseases. In small doses, the infusion is recommended in folk medicine to treat coughs Belarus and women's diseases. In the same country plant tincture on vodka rub the skin with rheumatism. Fresh herbs lumbago meadow soar in the oven and get a special juice, which can be further treated burns.
Bulgarian folk medicine recommends the use of drugs based on lumbago meadow neuralgia, diseases of the female genital organs, bronchitis, whooping cough and migraines, rheumatism and gout. In Bulgaria, the sleep-grass is also considered a diaphoretic and diuretic.
Very often, the plant is used as cold infusion, which can be prepared if the pour cup boiling water, cooled to room temperature, 2 h. L. chopped herbs, then insist within days and strain. Take the infusion should be small sips.
Contraindications lumbago meadow
Since the cross meadow is a very poisonous plant, with domestic use of plants should be very careful.
Strongly contraindicated drugs lumbago gastritis, nephritis and other gastrointestinal diseases. By the way, in many Russian regions previously there was a belief in which it was stated that this plant cursed of God.