Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) - a drug, it refers to a group of synthetic vitamins.
Ascorbic acid is found in plant foods, such as cabbage, citrus fruits, rose hips, berries, pine needles. Vitamin C is also found in some animal products, but in very small quantities.
Ascorbic acid prepared synthetically produced for medical purposes.
Ascorbic acid is produced in the form of a powder, a pill to 0, 05 and 0, 1 g (adults) and 0 025 g (for children). Ascorbic acid also exists with glucose, which is used for the prevention of infectious diseases in immunocompromised patients.
The product is produced in the form of 5% or 10% solution in vials for parenteral use. Ascorbic acid is also available from the routine, and multivitamin tablets.
Vitamin C has expressed reduction properties. Ascorbic acid is involved in carbohydrate metabolism, influences the rate of blood clotting, the recovery of tissue and is involved in the formation of steroid hormones. Vitamin C is involved in the synthesis of collagen and promotes the normalization of capillary permeability.
Vitamin C is synthesized in the human body, and is supplied into it from external sources (with food).
The lack or absence of ascorbic acid can lead to diseases such as vitamin deficiencies, and beriberi. For adults, the daily dose of ascorbic acid should be about 70-100 mg, for children - the 20 to 80 mg depending on the age and gender.
Indications for use of ascorbic acid
Ascorbic acid is used for medicinal purposes in all cases where it requires additional administration. According to the instructions of ascorbic acid, its use is justified for such diseases:
- Hemorrhagic diathesis;
- Bleeding of various etiologies;
- An overdose of anticoagulants;
- Nephropathy pregnant;
- Liver disease;
- Addison's disease;
- Fractures and poorly healing wounds;
- Infectious diseases.
Ascorbic acid and ascorbic acid, glucose is shown at large mental and physical stress, as well as during pregnancy and infant feeding
Ascorbic acid improves fat metabolism in atherosclerosis.
Instructions for use and doses of ascorbic acid
According to the instructions, Ascorbic acid applied orally and intramuscularly or intravenously.
To prevent possible diseases of vitamin C and ascorbic acid and ascorbic acid with glucose grown designate 0 05-1 gram per day. During pregnancy and lactation Ascorbic acid administered according to the instructions on 0, 3 g per day for about two weeks, followed by 0, 1 gram for preventing hypovitaminosis throughout the period of feeding the baby breast milk.
For children prophylactic dose of 0, 025 g, should be taken 3 times a day.
Therapeutic dose for adults is from 0 05 to 0, 1g, taken 3-5 times per day. For children, for the treatment prescribed for 0, 05-0, 1 g of 2 to 3 times a day.
Ascorbic acid administered intramuscularly from 1 to 3 ml of a 5% solution. Ascorbic acid treatment course depends on the nature of the disease.
Do not use ascorbic acid in the large number of patients who suffer from thrombophlebitis, hypercoagulable, who observed a tendency to thrombosis, and diabetes.
Long-term use of ascorbic acid may lead to the fact that the pancreas is not able to cope with the function of insulin. Therefore, regular monitoring is needed for the function of the body.
According to the instructions to the ascorbic acid, the treatment is necessary to monitor kidney function and blood pressure, as ascorbic acid stimulates increased production of corticosteroids.