Belem black - a two-year, sometimes annual, winter plant belonging to the Solanaceae family and having a fleshy, thick taproot. From the plants comes the unpleasant smell and heavy, and it is covered with very sticky and soft glandular hairs. It stems from henbane - branched and straight, and the maximum height of the plants can reach 115 cm.
Leaves of black henbane are grayish-green hue. The flowers from her rather large, their length is 2-3 cm, are dense leafy tendrils. The plant blooms mainly from June to October. Like many other plants, fruits ripen in about August or September. Propagated exclusively henbane seed method, with one plant can produce up to an average of 10 thousand. Seeds.
Distributed black henbane in the Caucasus, in the European part of the CIS (the middle band), Crimea and Central Asia. The plant is a weed growing and fences, yards, near the walls of various buildings, the gardens and fields.
Collection and drying of raw materials
Black henbane leaves are used solely for medicinal purposes, but from the grass make special extracts.
Female lower leaves of the plant are collected only in the fall (this applies henbane first year of life), and during the flowering stem leaves are collected from henbane second year of life. Raw henbane could be harvested only in dry and sunny weather, as the drying takes place on the same day in attics with good ventilation, or just under a canopy, where the plant is spread thinly. Periodically, you need to turn the raw material. In good weather conditions, the black henbane can dry after 5-7 days. Properly prepared raw material has a shelf life of about 2 years, the smell of his kind, weak, can be amplified when wet.
Using black henbane
Preparations of black henbane can have a peripheral effect, which is associated with the presence of Belene tropane alkaloids. Using these tools, you can reduce or to stop muscle spasms of the intestine, urinary and biliary tract. To a lesser extent these drugs act on the muscles of the bronchial tubes, other than that they inhibit the secretion of gastric juice, saliva, tear fluid and mucus.
Ambiguous effect of the drug on the central nervous system, it depends on the content of scopolamine in the feed. If the predominant alkaloid content, the plant may have a sedative effect, as well as to inhibit the excitation processes occurring in the motor cortex.
In various kinds of medicine black henbane can be applied in different ways. For example, in Mongolia it is used in erysipelas, smallpox, diphtheria and anthrax. Essence of fresh plants of this species is also used in a variety of manic-depressive psychosis, nervous tics, stuttering in children, nymphomania and neuroses.
In folk medicine, black henbane - a potent anticonvulsant, sedative, analgesic, used in nymphomania, Parkinson's disease, neuralgia, headaches, asthma, chronic bronchitis, nervous tic, pneumonia, bladder spasms, hysteria, diuretic phenomena in cholelithiasis, algodismenoree, rheumatism.
A decoction of the roots of the black henbane is widely used in haematuria and furious, but the aerial part of the plant is popular in Tibetan medicine for the treatment of lice and helminthiasis. Folk medicine decoction of henbane cures rheumatism and sciatica. If abrasions recommended a decoction in milk both exterior and interior.
The extract from the leaves of the black henbane is a strong analgesic and antispasmodic agent for treating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. It is this extract is a part of such drugs as "Astmatol" and "Astmatin", which are used in the treatment of bronchial asthma.
"Oil Belene" - a unique extract vegetable oil, which consists of the dried leaves and krupnoizmelchennye black henbane, alcohol (95%), ammonia (70%), sunflower oil. This tool is an oily liquid and transparent, having a brownish-green color and distinctive smell. It can be used for external grinding neuralgia and rheumatism.
Outwardly and inwardly henbane powder used in Mongolian medicine for the treatment of venereal and skin diseases, eczema, scabies, syphilis, ringworm. Traditional medicine uses this medication to eliminate nervous excitation, headache, hysteria, as well as for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, stomach cramps, asthma and many other diseases.
Seeds black henbane officially recognized in France, Portugal and Denmark. Indo-Tibetan medicine uses the seeds for the treatment of various infectious diseases, but Tibetan medicine gives seeds antibacterial action. In folk medicine the seeds are used in the treatment of respiratory infections, pneumonia, colitis, gastritis, tsistouretritov, whooping cough, nervous diseases, convulsions, enteritis. Ointment based on seeds is indispensable in the treatment of bone tuberculosis, and broth - for colds as baths.
Contraindications to the use of black henbane
From ancient times, black henbane was known as one of the most poisonous plants, so preparations based on plants, should be used only under medical supervision, as well as its purpose.
Poisoning is possible if eating seeds, which, incidentally, are pleasant to the taste, and, of course, in cases of overdose of drugs on the basis of black henbane. Poisoning can proceed in the form of acute psychosis with hallucinations sometimes, it is characterized by verbal and motor agitation, difficulty urinating and swallowing, dry mouth.