Chicory - a perennial herb up to 1 m.
For this plant is characterized by a strong, fleshy root up to 15 meters in length. Stem chicory straight, it arranged short-leaves. Chicory blooms from July to September, large bright blue flowers. Fruit from chicory - achene. Chicory can be wild and cultured. Cultivars grown chicory root for use in food.
Chicory grows in the European part of Russia, Belarus, Crimea, the Caucasus. He loves slopes, pine forests and sandy soils.
The benefits of chicory has been known to man since ancient times. Even in ancient Egyptian Ebers Papyrus (the era of Pharaoh Amenhotep) mentioned that from chicory prepared medicine against deadly snake bites and poisonous insects.
The benefits of chicory in his writings described the physicians and scientists of antiquity (Theophrastus, Pliny, Dioscorides). The famous Avicenna used the favor of chicory for the production of drugs in the treatment of joints, eyes and stomach.
The composition and the use of chicory
The most valuable is the chicory root. It contains a lot of easily digestible substances that are used as a valuable food product for the treatment of many diseases. The most important ingredient in providing the basic benefits of chicory, is insulin. His radically chicory contains 60%. This polysaccharide - an indispensable component of the diet, and is especially suitable for people with diabetes, because it replaces the starch and sugar.
Furthermore, chicory root contains substances such as:
- Intibin (bitter glycoside);
- Organic acids;
- Essential oil;
Extremely rich in chicory root such important elements as:
- Bitter substances;
- Resinous substance;
With regard to the composition of vitamins in chicory roots, they are also many therein:
- Vitamin A;
- Vitamin C;
- Vitamin B1;
- Vitamin B2;
- Vitamin PP;
- Vitamin E.
Quite a lot of trace elements in chicory, useful for the body:
The use of chicory is represented not only in its root. For example, the leaves of the plant contain rare in nature inulin. This natural polysaccharide is almost completely composed of fructose. Inulin helps the body to better absorb minerals from food, including calcium (and it is known to digest the worst).
The main property of chicory reduce the level of blood sugar is actively used for the treatment of diabetes. Many do not know that this property is not only the root of the chicory, but also its leaves. The rich composition of the green parts of the plant causes its use in human food.
Thus, the use of chicory is represented in those activities that it makes use of the human body:
- Calming (sedative);
- Anti-inflammatory (antiseptic);
- Wound healing;
- Stimulating (gastrointestinal tract);
Meeting in the sale of this product, many of us wonder: benefit or harm chicory bring us his regular use, such as a beverage. The answer is obvious: chicory root has an amazing flavor and medicinal properties. Therefore, drinking a drink can be, without limitation, within reason, of course.
The benefits of chicory is difficult to overestimate. The spectrum of therapeutic action chicory root is very wide. Let the wide range of properties that regular use of a chicory:
- Displays toxins from the liver;
- Stimulates liver function;
- It calms the nervous system;
- It improves heart function;
- It improves the blood;
- It normalizes digestion;
- It strengthens the body.
Thus, the use of chicory used for the treatment of these diseases and the prevention of various health problems:
- Gallstone disease;
- Hyperacidity gastritis;
- Diseases of the spleen;
- Chronic constipation;
- Increased sweating.
In these cases, chicory taken orally in the form of a tincture, decoction, drink. Chicory has a great benefit when it is used in the form of juice from the leaves and roots.
But the use of chicory is very palpable for health and when used topically. For example, a decoction of the roots of chicory and herbs used in traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases such as:
- Sores, ulcers;
- Diathesis in children (food allergy);
- Inflammation of the lymph glands.
For these purposes, chicory prepare baths, lotions, poultices, dressings.
Thanks to this wide list of medicinal properties, chicory forging the whole body, resulting in the order of the heart, kidneys, liver and blood.
Along with rich features and the use of chicory, it also has a wonderful rich flavor. Exclusive use of chicory bring you, if every morning you will not drink coffee and medicinal drink. This habit will give you a good mood and good health. In addition, chicory will help get rid of intestinal dysbiosis and is a preventive measure against the disease. Harm from chicory will not be, because with regular use it helps to reduce blood sugar levels, which means - to adjust the body's metabolism. Because of this, it is possible to cope with the extra weight. Furthermore, chicory root has only 21 kcal calorie.
Chicory is used not only for food. So, the famous Indian toothpastes almost always contain an extract of chicory root. Because of this, such a toothpaste prevents the formation of plaque on the teeth and have anti-inflammatory properties.
Chicory root is often used in the manufacture of confectionery. These sweets and cakes have an unusual taste and smell.
Contraindications and harm chicory
Chicory cause harm to a person can not practically. But if overused, however, like any other product, it can lead to disastrous results, and then damage will be apparent from chicory.
In the case of chronic diseases, it is necessary for the use of this product consult with your doctor. To prevent harm to the health of chicory, caution is necessary to comply with such diseases:
- bronchial asthma;
Harm chicory bring man when he has a idiosyncrasy to this product.
Obvious chicory can cause harm to children's health of the body up to 3 years. You have to be careful about allergies, as a significant content of vitamin C in chicory harm to the body can not produce, but will serve as an allergen.