Description of Scots pine
Pine, known in Russia even as pine forest - evergreen coniferous tree with a straight trunk, long needles and the pair of round or conical crown, reaching a height of 40 meters. Scots pine cones are oblong-ovate and winged gray tree seeds ripen usually in the second or third year. Also, in the description of Scots pine it said that kidney and needles of wood contain many nutrients - 0 to 5% essential oil, tannin and bitter substances, vitamin C and resin.
Pine buds harvested in the spring before they bloom. They contain a large amount of essential oils and resins, as well as bitter and tannins, starch, and mineral salts. Dried buds collected at a temperature not higher than 20-25 ° C, preferably under a canopy or in the attic.
Scotch pine needles are rich in vitamin C and carotene. It is used for obtaining the essential oil, which is widely used for the treatment of rheumatic diseases. Collect the needles of Scots pine is recommended in the winter or late fall, when the largest number of its essential oils and ascorbic acid.
The resin or sap of Scots pine trees generally are harvested from the subject to the control room. Harvested raw materials should not be stored for more than 2 years.
The use of Scots pine
Scots pine as a medicinal plant has long been used for compresses and poultices, and tree resin, part of the embalming compositions of ancient Egypt, retains its bactericidal properties for thousands of years. Also, the healing properties of Scots pine was used in many countries for the treatment of colds and for disinfection of the oral cavity.
For therapeutic purposes using needles, resin, buds and tree cones that have expectorant, vitamins, irritating, choleretic, diuretic, anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory effect. In folk medicine, they are used in pulmonary tuberculosis and respiratory diseases, dropsy, neuralgia, rheumatism, gout, rickets, scurvy, skin diseases and insect pests, and as a means to purify the blood. In addition, the pine tar used to get, turpentine, rosin and wood vinegar.
Scots pine cones used as a tincture and infusions for pain in the heart and as a styptic. To prepare for the treatment of heart pain collected in spring green pine cones poured into a jar, pour vodka and insist in a dark place for a week. The resulting infusion is best taken before meals, three times a day for one tablespoon.
Kidney Scots pine is used in the form of water infusions and decoctions for bronchitis, dropsy, rheumatism, liver and gastrointestinal tract as an expectorant, disinfectant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and choleretic agent.
To prepare a decoction of pine buds one tablespoon of raw pour a glass of hot boiled water and heated in a boiling water bath for an hour. Take several times a day after eating a quarter cup. Decoction of kidney Scots pine can be stored no more than 2 days.
Water infusions and decoctions from the needles of the tree is used for the prevention and treatment of beriberi C. They can also be used for therapeutic baths and the treatment of burns and wounds. To prepare pine needles must first rubbed with a small amount of cold boiled water, then add 3- or 9-fold proportion of water and boil for 20-40 minutes. On the palate, it is possible to add citric acid. Take the infusion of a few hours to 1 / 4-1 / 2 cup per day.
To prepare for baths from the needles or pine buds, 0, 5-1 kg of raw material is poured 3 liters of boiling water and insist for 3 hours. For the treatment of abscesses can use broth from needles and twigs, and Scots pine cones, which are pre-heated for half an hour and infused for 12 hours.
Turpentine is obtained from Scots pine, used for the treatment of sciatica, sciatica, neuralgia, arthritis, myositis, rheumatism and gout as a local irritant and analgesic agent. Tar is used externally as an antiparasitic and disinfectant when psoriasis, eczema and scabies, and sap - to treat ulcers and long healing wounds.
Decoctions and infusions of Scots pine should be used with caution if you are sensitive, and in severe kidney disease. Baths from the needles of the tree are contraindicated in severe hypertension, cardiovascular diseases with blood circulation, infectious skin diseases, malignant tumors, as well as the presence of acute inflammatory processes. For external use turpentine should be aware that it can cause flushing of the skin, and in large quantities leads to excitation of the central nervous system, manifested as insomnia, shortness of breath, anxiety, and high blood pressure.