Sorbus aucuparia - a deciduous tree belonging to the family Rosaceae.
This small tree can reach a height of 15 m, it has a dense crown and smooth gray bark.
Young plants have branches grayish-red color, with big fluffy buds. Leaves imparipinnate with several pairs of unequally sharp-toothed leaves oblong-lanceolate. White flowers are arranged in the umbrella inflorescences.
Tree blossoms in May and June. The fruits of mountain ash - spherical, yagodopodobnye, pea-sized orange-red color. The taste is bitter, astringent. Fruits ripen in September and hang on the tree until late winter. After freezing they lose bitterness and astringency, and become palatable.
Because of the bitterness fresh berries hardly eat. However, thanks to the numerous beneficial properties, they are successfully used in medical and food industries. From rowan make jam and jam, marmalade, candy. It is used for the preparation of alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages.
Mountain ash growing in the temperate climate zone. Widespread in Central Asia, the Caucasus and Europe.
The chemical composition of mountain ash
The ripe berries of mountain ash contains organic acids (citric, tartaric, succinic, sorbic and malic), pectin and tannins, sorbose and sorbitol, ascorbic acid, amino acids, essential oils, sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium.
In fruits of mountain ash contains large amounts of vitamin PP - more than in any other fruit plants of our area.
The healing properties of mountain ash
The plant has a hemostatic, diaphoretic, laxative, anti-inflammatory, astringent, kapillyaroukreplyayuschee, a diuretic effect, increases blood clotting and lowers blood pressure. Pectin, contained in the fruits of mountain ash, inhibit fermentation processes in the gut, have absorbent properties, reduces flatulence, helps to eliminate toxins from the body. Bitterness and organic acids contained in the berries, increase the secretory function of gastric juice, helps to improve digestion, have a choleretic effect.
Use of mountain ash in medicine
In medical practice, the berries of mountain ash are used in hypovitaminosis. In India, they are used in diseases of the liver, hemorrhoids, scurvy.
In folk medicine, fruit is used as a laxative, hemostatic, diuretic, vitamins, protivodizenteriynoe, contraceptive. Use them in the treatment of malignant tumors, dysmenorrhea.
The juice of the berries is widely used to treat gout, asthenia, anemia, hemorrhoids, gastritis, reduced gastric acidity, glaucoma, vitamin deficiency, hypertension, cancer, liver and kidney diseases, atherosclerosis, ascites, whooping cough.
The syrup from the berries is used for rheumatism, violation of salt metabolism, stones in the bladder and kidneys.
Oil from the fruits of mountain ash, due to the content of carotene and carotenoids has anti-inflammatory, and wound- yazvozazhivlyayuschee action.
Treatment berries of mountain ash is contraindicated in:
- increased acidity of gastric juice;
- tendency to increased blood clotting;
- certain cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease, strokes and heart attacks after).