Whisky belongs to the category of alcoholic drinks made from grain by different types of
malting, distilling and long fermentation in special oak barrels. Grains, which are commonly used in the manufacture of whiskey - barley, wheat, corn or rye. The alcohol content in the drink reaches 40-50% rev .; However, there are varieties of whiskey strength up to 60% of turnover. The drink has a distinctive light amber color, sugar, or it is completely absent, or is contained in a small amount. Historically, the main producers of whiskey is a country that is considered to belong to the right to call themselves "the inventors of whiskey" - is Ireland and Scotland. However, since the question of which of these temples was prepared for the first time, opened between the two countries are continuing heated debate, the purpose of which - to prove their superiority. This is the first mention of the drink dates back to 1494 and was written by Scottish monks.
Nevertheless, the history of the manufacture of whiskey has about 1000 years. While the drink is ready for therapeutic purposes and only in monasteries. His miraculous power was so great that the whiskey was called nothing less than "life-giving water" or Aqua vitae. The Celts gave him the name uisque baugh, where is believed to be taking root present name.
Only the 15th century the secret of making the beverage spread beyond the monastery, going to the use of Scots, traditionally grown crops. Pretty soon - closer to the 16th century - the demand and consumption of the drink have grown so much that the authorities were forced to impose strict restrictions on its sale and production, which are then turned into a monopoly.
Depending on the raw material from which made the drink, whiskey can be divided into three main types:
- Malt whiskey, produced from barley soloda.Napitok exclude the presence of impurities;
- Grain whiskey is used for blends with malt variety, thereby providing new kinds of drink. In addition, on the basis thereof by repeated distillation is often made vodka dzhin.Nebolshaya or share a drink is sold, which is referred to as single grain whisky, which translates as "pure grain whiskey." This kind of a beverage, as opposed to the previous one, is produced mainly in the United States and Canada;
- Mixed (blended) whiskey is a combination of grain and malt in varying proportions. This type is most common among all types of beverage, it accounts for about 90% of total production.
Taste of the whiskey depends on several parameters: the quality of your water, grain, malting and filtering techniques, especially drums, the exposure time, the temperature at which the whiskey is bottled and others. In order to give the whiskey an unusual aroma and flavors drinks often placed in barrels, which previously housed the wine - sherry, madeira, port, etc.
Despite the variety of grades, there are two main areas used to manufacture the beverage. The tradition of "Scottish" trend includes drying of malt using peat, making the drink gets a smoky taste and aroma. The "Irish" whiskey direction made through the "bestorfyanoy" drying and the triple distillation, which gives the drink softness.
Useful properties of whiskey
Dosed beverage consumption actually benefit, because it is thanks to its useful properties of whiskey has become so popular drink a thousand years ago in the monastic environment.
If we stick
the recommended daily dose - not more than 30 grams - the risk of heart attack is greatly reduced. No wonder Scots added this noble drink practically everywhere - in juice, tea, coffee or cola. Due to its strength whiskey has excellent antiseptic properties and anti-inflammatory action.
Extremely helpful and herbal compresses with whiskey.
Tincture of Marshmallow whiskey indispensable for various diseases of the upper respiratory tract, as an expectorant, enveloping and anti-inflammatory actions. For making tinctures marshmallow 20 g must be filled with 500 ml of whiskey, after which the resulting medicinal drink should be placed in a dark place where it will be stored for about 10 days. Upon expiration of the tincture taken three times a day for 10-15 drops.
Diuretic, stimulating and toning action has lovage root tincture prepared on the basis of whiskey. For its preparation is necessary to pound 100 g root and prepare 300 ml of whiskey. The solution should be infused at least 15 days before they take on a tablespoon before each meal.
Lower pressure and improve cardiovascular and digestive systems help tincture of green walnuts on whiskey. Prepare it can, Bay 500 ml drink 100 grams of chopped nuts, then the solution is to insist on the sun in a dark glass bottle for two weeks. The mixture should be shaken every day. Ready infusion filter and take three times a day before meals for one tablespoon. Also, a tincture can be added to tea with honey and used for bronchitis.
Red clover infused whiskey effective in arteriosclerosis, headaches, tinnitus. Prepare it as follows: To 40 g of flowers of clover 600 ml of whiskey, insisting mixture of two weeks. Tincture taken before dinner or before bedtime to 20 The term of the treatment is about 3 months with breaks of 10 days each month. Repeat treatment is recommended not earlier than 6 months.
Despite the abundance of useful properties of whiskey - a strong alcoholic drink. It follows that the excessive consumption of it will certainly have a negative impact on the functioning of the body.
Often taking whiskey in high doses is not recommended because It may cause severe intoxication, which can subsequently develop into alcoholism. Noticeable damage whiskey has on the kidneys and liver, resulting in impaired operation of these bodies, and in some cases there is a termination of their operation.
It should abandon the use of drink people with mental disorders, pregnant women and women during lactation.
Significant damage to the whiskey during excessive use causes the brain to suffer as a result of visual function, coordination and speech.
In other words, damage to the whiskey, as well as its benefits, are entirely dependent on how much the drink is used.