Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) - perennial herb of the family Asteraceae, reaching 120-150 cm
height with thin, bare, branched, yellowish-brown stems. Lanceolate leaves 2-8 cm long and 2-10 mm wide, green, glossy with integral edges. Flowers are small, round, 2-4 mm in diameter, yellow or greenish-yellow. It blooms in late summer, the fruit - achene.
Presumably the plant was brought to Europe from Mongolia and Siberia during the invasion of the Mongols in the 13th century. In England tarragon was in the 15th century, and from there was distributed to America. In Asia and Europe, tarragon widely cultivated as a medicinal and spice plant. The most common varieties are tarragon Tarragon French, Russian and Caucasian.
The chemical composition of tarragon (tarragon or Tarragon) is from 0, 25.1% of essential oils, bitters, resins, coumarins, herniarin, isocoumarine, vitamin C, flavonoids, sterols, hydrocarbons, tannin and protein. At the use of the plant has a tonic effect, improves the appetite and aids digestion.
Useful properties of tarragon
Fresh tarragon is a source of antioxidants and scientific research shows that polyphenolic compounds in this herb help reduce blood glucose levels. By the beneficial properties of tarragon can be attributed its member fitopitatelnye substances that are necessary to maintain immunity.
Laboratory studies tarragon extract show that its constituent certain compounds inhibit platelet activation, to prevent their aggregation and adhesion to the walls of blood vessels, which in turn prevents the formation of clots within the tiny blood vessels of the heart and brain and is the prevention of heart attack and stroke.
Grass is a source of vitamins A, C and B complex group of vitamins such as folate, pyridoxine, niacin and riboflavin, which function as cofactors in metabolism.
By useful properties tarragon can also include the presence of a mineral such as calcium, manganese, iron, magnesium, copper, potassium and zinc. Manganese is used by the body as a cofactor for the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for cellular respiration (cofactor for cytochrome) and the formation of blood cells.
For the preparation of medicines based on the use of tarragon upper part of the plant. Application tarragon medicine effective in the treatment of dental pain, premenstrual syndrome, nausea, urinary tract infections, digestive problems, insomnia and poor appetite, flatulence, hiccups, dyspepsia, and anorexia.
Tarragon essential oil is used in dentistry as a local anesthetic and antiseptic agent for toothache.
According to a study from Brigham Young University in the US has been proven that the use of tarragon effective in cervical erosion and cancer of the skin.
In alternative medicine tarragon used in sealing the walls of blood vessels and other vascular disorders.
tarragon used in industry as a flavoring in the manufacture of soaps and cosmetics.
Application of tarragon in cooking especially prevalent in France, where the plant is a major component of the sauce Bearnez and is included in most recipes for cooking chicken, fish and egg dishes. Fresh sprigs of tarragon slightly wrinkled added to the vinegar for a spicy vinegar on tarragon and the plant is widely used in salads, pickles and marinades.
In countries such as Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia and, as a consequence, Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan tarragon is used to flavor the popular soft drink Tarragon, which has a refreshing effect and is painted in a bright green color.
In Slovenia, the use of tarragon as spice is necessary for the preparation of a traditional sweet cake Potica, and Vegra tarragon seasoned chicken soup.
Tea on the basis of tarragon is an effective tool in the treatment of insomnia.
Application tarragon in a small amount in the food is absolutely safe and healthy people do not cause any complications. However, prolonged use of tarragon can lead to cancer, since it contains organic matter methyl chavicol.
It is also a contraindication to Tarragon is allergic to plants belonging to the family Asteraceae, such as chrysanthemums, marigolds, daisies and many others.
If cholelithiasis tarragon is contraindicated, since the plant has choleretic effect, which stimulates the output of stones from the gallbladder. In the presence of large stones in the gallbladder tarragon will contribute to their removal that will cause severe cramps and pain.
Pregnancy and lactation are contraindications to tarragon, as contained in the plant thujone can cause loss of milk and lead to abortion.