Scorzonera Spanish belongs to the species of herbaceous plants of the genus Kozelets (Scorzonera). This plant is also
Kozelets known as Spanish, black carrots and black or sweet root. Thanks to the useful properties Scorzonera cultivated in many countries as a root vegetable.
Scorzonera is considered the homeland of South-West Asia and Southern Europe. The plant grows in the steppe and rocky slopes of Europe and is also found in Georgia and Azerbaijan.
As vegetable crops began to cultivate scorzonera at the end of XVI - early XVII centuries in the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and France. Before that it was used as a drug - an antidote to viper bites. Because of this, the people sometimes called Scorzonera "zmeedushnikom." During the time of Alexander the Great Spanish Kozelets served to the royal table as a delicacy.
Scorzonera stem height is usually between 25 to 70 cm. It blooms in May Scorzonera few baskets. The fruit - achene edge, ripens in early summer.
Scorzonera - biennial plant, which in the first year of life forms a cylindrical shape root grungy black or dark brown color and basal leaves. Root crops are usually harvested in late September, when their weight reaches 100-150 g Since Scorzonera refers to cold-resistant plants, sometimes roots left in the soil to hibernate.
Flesh is white root vegetable Kozelets Spanish and juicy and has a high palatability. Scorzonera called winter asparagus because in winter it is more accessible, and cooked to taste it almost does not yield.
The composition and useful properties of scorzonera
Useful properties Scorzonera due to its constituent active ingredients. So, in the roots of plants contain:
- Saccharides (about 20%);
- Pectin (2%);
- Vitamins C, B1, B2, E and PP;
- Salts of copper, potassium, iron, manganese, phosphorus, zinc and calcium.
However, the major medical properties Scorzonera include high content (about 10%) of inulin, as well as being in them and asparagine levulin, making this root medicine for diabetes.
Asparagine contained in the roots, has a positive effect on the heart and strengthens the kidneys.
Calorie Scorzonera is 17 kcal per 100 g of roots.
Application of scorzonera
In folk medicine, is widely used Scorzonera:
- In the treatment of heart disease;
- As an anesthetic;
- In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Root Kozelets Spanish is very useful in the vitamin deficiency, obesity, atherosclerosis, anemia, and they hinder the development of rheumatism, gout and arthritis. Scorzonera is well absorbed by the body and therefore often recommended by nutritionists for diet food. Also, this root vegetable will be useful in the diet of older people with diabetes mellitus, hypertension and liver disease.
In cooking Scorzonera used in soups, salads, main dishes and salads.
In its raw form
root vegetables scorzonera not very tasty and resemble cabbage stalk. Before the use of raw, they are encouraged to soak in salted water, then grate. Scorzonera well with other root vegetables. Thus, it can be used raw in salads with carrots, dressed with lemon juice, vegetable oil or mayonnaise.
Cook Scorzonera like asparagus or cauliflower in salted water, then add to soups. Also, it can be eaten fried and stewed. Considered delicious sauces to vegetable and meat dishes, prepared with scorzonera.
Roots Scorzonera ideal for freezing and canning, as in fact, and in another way they are fully retain their nutritional properties. The young leaves of the plant can be used in salads and in pickling and canning cucumbers, which gives them crunch.
There are no contraindications to the use of root vegetables scorzonera except individual intolerance is not revealed.