Russules - plate of mushrooms Russula family. They grow in all forests, but prefer more rare young birch grove
without undergrowth. Meet russules possible and on the edge, and in the woods, among the moss and dry spruce. The first mushrooms can be found in June, but the peak of the harvest is in August and September.
There are more than 30 species syroezhek, distinguish between them is quite difficult, unless they differ in color hats. Most often harvested for food preparation in the following syroezhek:
Appearance syroezhek very characteristic - they have a round hat with a diameter of 10 cm, the underside of the plate is covered with white or light-yellow folds radially converge to the trunk. While the fungus young, his hat hemispherical forms from mature fleshy mushroom cap, with a recess in the middle or flat-arched.
Edge cap smooth or slaborubchaty. The skin on the cap may be very different color - light gray, green, pink, yellow, burgundy, bluish, and others. At the touch of the skin is often dry, the poor is separated from the cap in the center. Syroezhek Pulp is white, dense, crispy base and a pleasant smell, like fruit. Leg white and smooth, up to 4 cm, without tuber and folds her.
Russules - a valuable source of protein, vitamins and minerals. Vitamin PP in the body involved with carbohydrate metabolism, improves the cardiovascular and nervous system, gives the skin elasticity and fresh look.
Vitamin E is involved in the formation of germ cells, it is one of the antioxidants, improves the delivery of oxygen to tissues, skin nutrition and mucous membranes, preventing dryness.
Vitamin C is essential for normal functioning of the immune system, it prevents the damaging effects of free oxygen radicals on cells strengthens blood vessels.
B vitamins are involved in all types of metabolism, are part of enzymes, which catalyze biochemical reactions, prevents the development of anemia, disorders of the nervous system.
Russules rich in potassium, sodium, phosphorus, iron, calcium, magnesium. The nutritional value are the mono- and di-saccharides in their composition, dietary fibers, amino acids, fatty acids and lecithin.
Due to low caloric russules recommended for inclusion in the diet of people with obesity.
Nutritional value syroezhek
the third category of the nutritional value of mushrooms. Although the name implies that they can be eaten raw, it is not necessary to do this - some of their species have a sharp burning taste, and is not suitable for human consumption.
Many people underestimate the taste and benefit syroezhek, but rather it is due to the difficulty of transporting mushrooms - they are fragile and easily crumble under pressure. Ubiquitous syroezhek makes them available for inclusion in the diet.
The best taste qualities were observed in species with yellow and green color. They have a nice nutty, slightly sweet flavor.
Caloric syroezhek is 19 kcal per 100 g of product.
There are many recipes for these fungi. They are good boiled, fried, stewed, salted, pickled, dried. Before preparing to get rid of the bitter taste of some species russules pre-boil in water for 5 - 7 minutes. In the dried form they retain up to 30% protein.
Not very suitable for soups russules, although for the first dish you can use a decoction prepared from them. Especially tasty are considered a delicacy salty russules. They often include a list of ingredients of different salads.
Russules - pretty heavy meal, they give the load on the liver, so the violation of its functions is to refrain from the use of mushrooms. Also, they are not recommended for children under 7 years old, the liver enzyme system which are not active enough for the excretion of degradation products syroezhek.