Phoenicia - the fruit of the date palm.
Wild Dates used the ancestors of the Arabs for another five to seven thousand years ago. Saudi Arabia - the world leader in the production and sale of these fruits. Grow vegetables in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia. Date palms have also been introduced to California, Mexico, South Africa, Australia and other countries.
Immature fruits of dates are oval-cylindrical shape. Their length is three to seven centimeters in diameter - two or three centimeters. Inside the fruit contains seeds. The thickness of the bones of the fetus from 6 to 8 mm. Depending on the degree of softness dates are divided into soft, semi-soft and dry.
In a ripe fruit color varies from bright red to reddish-yellow. Ripe figs - brown, slightly wrinkled fruit with juicy flesh.
In the world there are about 450 varieties of dates. Some of them are used for human food, some for livestock feed, and part is used for the production of fertilizers and pharmaceuticals.
The food most commonly used varieties following dates:
- Shark - one of the most common varieties of fruit. Dates in this class can be stored for years;
- Suki - a very popular variety. The fruit of this variety is very large;
- Maktumi - the fruits of a bright yellow color, very juicy and tender;
- Raziz - very soft grade of dates;
- Shishi - fruits golden color;
- Anbar - a variety of large and soft dates. It is grown in a limited number, which is reflected in the value of the variety of fruit;
- Barney - yellow semi-major dates.
Food value and caloric content of dates
The composition of these fruits include 2, 5 g protein, 0, 5 grams of fat, 69, 2 g carbohydrates, 20 g of water, 6 grams of dietary fiber, 69 g of saccharides, 0, 1 g of unsaturated fatty acids, 0, 3 g of organic acids 1, 5 g of ashes.
The composition includes fruit potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus and iron.
One hundred grams of dates contained 0, 05 mg of vitamin B1, 0, 05 mg of vitamin B2, 0, 8 mg of vitamin B3, 0, 1 mg vitamin B6, 0, 3 mg of vitamin C, and 0 to 8 mg of vitamin P.
Calories figs - 274 kcal per 100 grams of fruit.
Useful properties of figs
Its medicinal properties dates were known for a long time. According to medical, nutritional and dietary properties dates are comparable to the most useful cereal crops.
The use of dates is that these fruits fills the body vitality, strengthen the kidneys, heart, liver, promote the proliferation of beneficial microorganisms in the gut, support the equilibrium balance of the body and the blood is saturated with useful components and stimulate brain activity. These fruits contain a significant amount of protein, when other fruits it usually is not.
It is believed that regular consumption of these fruits in dried form helps to increase the productivity of the brain by 25% or more.
It is useful to use these fruits to accelerate recovery from a variety of infectious diseases, as well as hypertension, anemia.
Regular consumption of dates, reduce the risk of osteoporosis and bone fragility.
Important dates bring benefit in the treatment of bronchitis - they accelerate the removal of phlegm and soothe the cough.
However, the harm of dates can be very significant for kidney stones or migraines.
Dietary Fiber dates reduce the risk of cancer.
Nutritionists recommend a daily consume 100-150 g of dates.
Caloric dates high, but in these fruits have no cholesterol.
Damage dates for teeth is that dried fruits contain 60-65% sugar. A sugar is known to destroy the enamel. These fruits contained in the form of glucose and fructose, so the body it much easier to digest than sucrose. Palm sugar is much healthier for the body than cane or beet. And if after eating dates immediately rinse your mouth with water, the damage from the dates will not be too tough.
More recently, scientists have proved of great benefit to the fetus and the dates of the body of pregnant women, to facilitate childbirth and the postpartum period.
It is proved that the dates contain specific stimulants that strengthen the muscles of the uterus during pregnancy to facilitate childbirth and reducing the period of postpartum hemorrhage.
These fruits are the mother's milk is saturated with nutrients and vitamins. In addition, the composition of these fruits contain special ingredients to help get rid of antenatal and post-natal depression.
An important beneficial properties of dates - a light stimulating and soporific effect. Tryptophan The dates in the human body turns into melatonin - sleep hormone and serotonin - a hormone good mood. These fruits are selectively - activate the brain activity with fatigue, and helps with insomnia fall asleep.
Methods of application dates
Dates are used for preparation of confectionery, cereals, jellies, compotes, alcohol, flour, sugar. Fresh fruit cooks added to muffins, pies, cakes, cookies, fruit salads.
Fresh and dried fruits can be filled with almonds, candied candied fruits, walnuts, butter and marzipan.
The Arabs of these fruits are prepared special pasta, cookies and puddings.
Libyan chefs prepare analogues of the fruit powdered sugar, vinegar and honey.
In some Islamic countries on the basis of these fruits are preparing non-alcoholic champagne.
Storage conditions dates
Since the degree of moisture in dates is very low (30%), this fruit can retain their beneficial properties for a long time. In an airtight container at room temperature, a date can be stored for several months. For longer storage, they should be placed in the refrigerator.