As a medicinal plant peas used for a long time. From ancient Greece, where it has cultivated for centuries before our era, pea seeds spread to Asian and European countries. In Russia yellow cultivars were known long ago, but the seeds of green pea varieties were brought only in the 18th century, and they immediately became widespread.
Pea plants is considered one of the most nutritious among vegetable crops due to the large content of protein and carbohydrates. Proteins fruit plants are similar in their chemical composition meat protein and contain a number of essential amino acids - lysine, cystine, methionine and tryptophan. Due to this, the nutritional value of peas is several times higher than many other vegetables, including potatoes. From contained in most plant vitamins vitamin C. It is also useful properties peas are the B vitamins, fiber, vitamin A and carotene, various sugars, salts of phosphorus, potassium and iron and trace elements required in the body - zinc, magnesium, copper, cobalt, and manganese.
Peas have recommended for obesity and diabetes, since there are carbohydrates consist of glucose and fructose.
To one of the important useful features include pea high content of antioxidants. Using it in the diet can reduce the likelihood of heart attack, cancer and hypertension. Prevention of cancer also contribute its constituent carotene, vitamin C and fibers with a low fat content.
Rich in nutrients, not only the seeds of pea and pods, which in large quantities are iron, chlorophyll, and substances that control the level of calcium in the body.
The use of pea
For therapeutic purposes, you can eat like fresh peas and cooked in a variety of dishes.
Fresh peas have a slight diuretic properties. For a more complete digestion of the plant containing vitamin A do not combine it with starches.
When gastric ulcer pain is useful to eat mashed peas, to reduce acidity. In cardiovascular diseases peas useful in any way, since it is substantially free of fat, cholesterol, sodium, and its constituent fibers help to reduce cholesterol levels.
Peas also need to include in your diet for the prevention of dermatitis, and seizures, due to the ability to break down and pyridoxine synthesize amino acids.
Broth from foliage and fruit peas used in folk medicine as a diuretic, which helps dissolve kidney stones.
To increase the calorie and nutrition pastry baking in the wheat flour may be added to the pea.
To reduce bloating, which often causes the pea, it is recommended to eat with fennel or dill. Also, it should not be washed down with cold water.
Chick peas chickpeas have recommended for the treatment and prevention of cataracts, since the improvement of metabolic processes in the body help to normalize the circulation of intraocular fluid.
As a cleaning agent, as well as for weight loss and the saturation of the body useful vitamins and minerals, chickpeas are recommended as follows. Peas, soak for 8-12 hours in a ceramic pot in water at room temperature, and then passed through a meat grinder with a fine grid. Eat cooked peas must be during the day in small portions, while it can be added to soups, cereal or salads. After a week you need to make a break for 7-10 days and then repeat the course.
Chick peas chickpeas are also used as masks in cosmetics to improve the complexion and as a remedy for acne and puffiness. To prepare mask 1/4 cup peas, soak, ground, mixed with a tablespoon of vegetable oil and honey. The mask is applied for half an hour, then wash and rinse your face with water from soaking the peas.
Pulp from unripe seeds of peas or pea flour soaked recommended to apply for the treatment of eczema, skin erysipelas, festering wounds, acne, boils and carbuncles.
Contraindications to the use of pea
Fresh or cooked peas are contraindicated in acute nephritis and gout. Also use peas are contraindicated during exacerbation of inflammatory processes in the stomach and intestines, and circulatory failure, and thrombophlebitis, cholecystitis. People in old age should not be often added to the diet.