Mulberry (it - mulberry or mulberry) - high, up to 20 meters tree with white, red or dark purple, almost black drupes. Tree of light and heat-loving, the berries ripen, depending
from the area of growth, in June-August. Homeland mulberry considered the country's south-western and eastern Asia. Another medieval Persian scholar, physician and philosopher Abu Ali Ibn Sina (Avicenna) devoted an entire chapter to the benefits of mulberry in the "Canon of Medicine" - labor, which is still based in their practice traditional healers. In ancient China, the leaves and young shoots of cultivated mulberry silkworms.
Today, mulberry cultivated as fruit trees and as a raw material for the cultivation of silkworms. Also, tree leaves are fed to livestock, wood is used in the woodworking industry for the production of musical instruments and souvenirs.
The berries of black mulberry get food coloring. It is clear that the stains are very difficult to deduce.
Because of the stability of mulberry trees to atmospheric pollution gases, smoke and dust, they are often used for landscaping large settlements.
Useful properties of mulberry
Traditional medicine uses as a raw material mulberry, which is called the "head to toe" - from the roots to the kidney, and the fruit is fresh and harvested in the (dried).
But of particular interest as therapeutic and gastronomic point of view, of mulberry fruits. They are rich in sugars (glucose, fructose), B-vitamins (including B3 or PP), ascorbic acid, vitamin K. They also found in a sufficiently large amount of essential oils, tannins and pectin.
Mulberry tree compared to other berries contain a lot of potassium, calcium, phosphorus, because there is no doubt the benefits of mulberry menu during intense mental stress.
Average calorie hundred grams of mulberry is 43 kcal.
The use of roots, leaves and fruit of mulberry
The juice of the roots is a sedative, and their broth helps with asthma, catarrhal cough, heart disease, hypertension. When kidney disease use the bark of small and medium-sized branches. Externally powder from the bark is used for wounds and burns.
The juice from fresh leaves of mulberry quenches toothache, broths have antipyretic and analgesic effect for colds. The official medicine the leaves are used as an aid in the treatment of early forms of diabetes.
A decoction of the leaves can be used to rinse the hair to make them silky.
Depending on the type (white, red or black) and maturity, mulberry properties and its effect on the body can be different, even opposite. Thus, the use of green (unripe) berries, astringent, helps stop diarrhea, but ripe and overripe fruit, on the contrary, laxative, and therefore are useful for constipation. Also ripe fruits are an excellent diuretic, recommended for edema renal and cardiovascular origin. Red mulberry has a positive effect on the blood, white - on the nervous system.
Useful properties of mulberry can recommend fresh berries for people suffering from anemia, gastrointestinal diseases (including stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers), kidney and liver diseases, hypertension and gout. Fruit juice and broth can gargle for colds and various inflammatory diseases (previously mulberry used even in the treatment of scarlet fever). Also, in the opinion of the mulberry, its use of fresh juice prevents stomatitis and periodontal disease.
white mulberry berries is a good means of preventing rickets children. For these purposes, you can use dried berries or pekmez - specially thickened juice, also called "honey fruit." And pekmez and dried berries are stored virtually without loss all the healing properties of fresh fruit.
A very useful berries for people suffering from heart disease and myocardial dystrophy. Reviews of mulberry patients with these disorders suggests that regular consumption of large amounts of fresh fruits reduces their heart pains and shortness of breath.
The infusion of ripe fruit drink with biliary dyskinesia, and syrup of them is a good diaphoretic.
Drinking mulberry contributes to solving problems as a purely male (white mulberry fruits help with prostatitis and impotence), and exclusively female (berries are used for uterine bleeding and to ease menopausal symptoms). A man who has had a child, "pig", there is a possibility of occurrence of infertility. To such a disaster does not happen, it is recommended in the recovery period every day to feed the boys ripe mulberries.
And white, and red, and especially black mulberry - delicious berry, which can be savored fresh or used as a filling for cakes and dumplings, making juice, cook jelly and compotes. Mulberry canned, prepared from berries and jam, syrup, candy and sherbet. Dried fruit is ground into a powder which is then added to baked goods. From the fruit of mulberry, reviews connoisseurs, obtained very good wine and moonshine.
Fresh berries can be stored in the refrigerator for three days. Because mulberry unsuitable for transportation. However, the benefits of mulberry after drying and freezing remained practically unchanged in the fruit retains a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals to make full use of harvested berries away from the habitat, as well as for the prevention and treatment of vitamin deficiency in the winter-spring period.
The main contraindications to the use of mulberry fruit is an idiosyncrasy. Due to the high sugar content of black berries (about 11%), do not abuse them for people suffering from diabetes and obesity.
With mulberry trees growing along busy highways, eating should not be.