Milk, as a rule, is the first food of man from birth, and remains a key for a few months. With parent
milk the baby gets absolutely all the vitamins, minerals and nutrients that it needs for proper development. Milk - a unique product that people came out of infancy, continues to use.
Among the huge variety of species of the most popular drink cow's milk. However, cases in which preference is given to the goat, sheep, deer, and other types of drinks are also not uncommon.
Chemical composition, nutritional value and caloric content of milk
Milk - a product, mineral composition, vitamin content and the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates which depends on what the animal was fed, what were the conditions of his detention and some other external factors. Thus, depending on the feed richness and cows varies beverage, and with it - calorie milk and its palatability. In general, it is assumed that 100 grams of cow's milk contains:
- 88 g water;
- 3, 2 g protein;
- 2, 35 g fat. Of these saturated - 1, 9 g; monosaturated - 0, 8 g; polyunsaturated - 0, 2 g;
- 5, 2 g of carbohydrates, including disaccharides and lactose;
- 28 mg retinol or vitamin A;
- 0, 04 g of thiamine or vitamin B1;
- 0, 18 mg of riboflavin or vitamin B2;
- 0, 44 mg of cobalamin or vitamin B12;
- 2 IU of vitamin D;
- 113 mg calcium;
- 10 mg magnesium;
- 143 mg of potassium.
A small amount of bovine milk also contains sodium, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, and trace elements - copper, iodine, iron, selenium, chromium, manganese, cobalt, molybdenum, tin, aluminum, strontium.
Calorie milk - often changing indicator, but overall, this value is about 60 kcal per 100 g
Useful properties of milk
It is regrettable, but the benefits of milk decreases in times when pasteurization and sterilization. However, such fee product cleansed of bacteria and contaminants. However, modern manufacturers seek to ensure that consumers in the tables turned product is not only safe, but also useful.
For example, lactose, which is found in milk, has beneficial effects on the liver, heart and kidneys. It helps her in this protein casein containing amino acid methionine.
Due to the content of vitamin A in milk, this product is useful for children in the period of active growth, and also contributes to the preservation of visual acuity. Content in milk thiamine positively affects the assimilation rate of sugar.
Calcium, as a useful body at any age, is contained in the natural beverage in a sufficient amount in a form that is easily absorbed by the body and is perfectly balanced with phosphorus. In childhood, calcium is necessary for formation of bones and in the elderly helps prevent osteoporosis. Curiously, the calcium content of cow's milk in the summer is lower than in the winter. Experts say that increased calcium absorption when concomitantly with products containing vitamin D.
The benefits of milk in the treatment of colds estimated more than one generation. The warm, with honey or raspberry jam, and badger fat, milk is able to rouse himself terminally ill, slegshego colds. The fact that the fight against viral infections requires the participation of immunoglobulins - specific elements formed from protein foods. Casein - milk protein - not only is an excellent basis for the formation of antibodies, but also better absorbed by the body otherwise.
Getting rid of
insomnia and headaches - another useful properties of milk. The high content of tryptophan and phenylalanine acids in this drink has on our body sedative effect. The recipe is simple: a glass of warm, if possible fresh milk with honey should drink an hour before bedtime. For headaches we recommend adding a raw egg in a bowl with freshly boiled drink. This cocktail, taken for a week, is able to eliminate the most severe headaches.
The benefits of milk for heartburn is known to most women who are pregnant. This reduces the acidity of the drink and reduces pain in various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including gastritis and ulcers. In order to guarantee to forget about heartburn for a long time, you should drink milk slowly, in small sips.
The use of milk in cosmetology began thousands of years ago, when the famous beauty Cleopatra, queen of hearts, and indulge yourself with a luxurious milk bath. Now global beauty industry offers women creams, lotions, gels based on milk proteins that are designed to give youth and beauty.
Hazardous properties of milk
Unfortunately, milk-based products are useful not for everyone. Harm milk when immoderate consumption causes quite often.
In most cases, the negative effects from the use of this food pursue those people who suffer from deficiency of the enzyme responsible for breaking down lactose. Its absence significantly reduces the absorption of milk sugar, which entails a beverage fermentation in the gut, and this in turn causes diarrhea. This phenomenon is common can not be named - it is peculiar to only about 15% of the population of our planet.
Furthermore, cow milk refers to strong allergens. The appearance of a rash, itching, bloating, nausea or vomiting in his hand - allergy symptoms indicating the need to stop taking the drink. However, other milk-based products - cottage cheese, yogurt, yogurt - digested, tend to be much better. Unlike cow's, goat's milk allergy in the form of damage is extremely rare.
For older people, the milk does not harm less pronounced than good. On the one hand, the beverage fills the shortage of calcium, on the other, is one of the causes of atherosclerosis.
When addiction to the deposition of calcium salts in the blood vessels milk also contraindicated.