Southeast Asia, this exotic fruit has great value, and for some time it is gaining popularity in our latitudes.
Lychee - a tree from the family sapindaceae, also known as Lisi Lidge or Chinese plum. Plants grow mainly in America, Asia and Africa. You can see it, and in Australia, but not in such large amounts.
The tree yields fruits ovoid or oval, covered pupyrchatoy skinned red. The rind is thick and uneven, easily separated from the pulp, and inside the fruit is a large brown seed. The flesh has a jelly-like form, cream or white with a pleasant aroma and a sweet and sour refreshing taste. Weight of ripe fruit does not exceed 20 grams and a diameter of the fruit reaches the 3-3, 5 cm. The Chinese also known as the fruit of the tree "dragon's eye" because of the unusual combination of dark and light seed pulp.
China is the homeland lychee. According to documentary sources, the inhabitants of ancient China used this fruit to eat in the 2nd century BC. Over time, a lychee learned in neighboring countries, and it has spread to all areas of Southeast Asia. Later, it began to grow in many other continents.
In Europe, an exotic fruit found in the 17th century. The first detailed description of litchi appeared in the book Gonzalez de Mendoza, a Spanish writer who was interested in the history of China. According to him, litchi fruits like plums, and you can use them in almost unlimited quantities, as they do not cause weight in the stomach. And to this day it is sometimes called the Chinese lychee plum.
Lychee eaten as fresh and add it to a variety of sauces, desserts, ice creams, liqueurs and drinks. Also, it is used as a filling for pies and puddings. In China, the fruit of the tree of the wine is made.
When buying fruit should pay attention to the color and condition of the skin. If the color is too dark at the fruit, so the fruit from the branch was torn down a long time ago and managed to lose its utility and taste. Therefore, one has only to fully acquire the whole fruit without defects, moderate red.
The composition and caloric content of litchi
100g lychee contained 79, 5 g of water, 17 g of carbohydrates, 1, 6 g fat, 0, 9 protein, 0, 3 grams of fat; vitamins: thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), folic acid (B9), ascorbic acid (C), tocopherol (E), Biotin (H) phylloquinone (C); macronutrients phosphorus, chlorine, sulfur, sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium; trace elements fluorine, zinc, iron, copper, iodine, manganese.
Calorie lychee is 76 kcal per 100 g of product.
Useful properties of litchi
As part of the lychee contains large amounts of vitamins, so the fruit is very useful for the human body. It contains a lot of water and complex carbohydrates, there are enough needed for the body of dietary fiber, protein and a little fat. Sugar Lychee fruit 6-15% - its content depends on the area of growing plants and woods.
Due to the high content of ascorbic acid and potassium useful properties lychee evident for people suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system. In China, this fruit is consumed for the prevention of atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular
diseases. In addition, lychee helps reduce cholesterol levels in the blood.
This fruit perfectly tones the body, and in the east it is considered an excellent natural aphrodisiac. No wonder India is called lychee fruit of love.
By the beneficial properties of litchi include its ability to quench thirst, to normalize the intestines and stomach, relieves constipation. And thanks to the low calorie lychee effectively helps to get rid of superfluous kilograms.
Doctors recommend eating this fruit in diabetes, anemia, ulcers and diseases of the pancreas and liver.
The Chinese believe that the lychee combined with lemon grass and other herbs are very effective in cancer.
But apart from the fruit is used in medicine as its peel. It is used for the broth, regular consumption of which increases the tone the body and effectively prevent the accumulation of excess fluid in the tissues.
Abuse of litchi can cause an allergic reaction. In general, it is not recommended to use fruit only in the case of individual intolerance.