Horse mackerel - a small fishing schooling fish squad percoid, living in the Atlantic Ocean, and in the period Jora entering the Black Sea. Grows to 50 cm long, weighing up to 400 g Occasionally there are large
specimens weighing up to 2 kg. The body of horse mackerel fusiform, elongated, slightly compressed on the sides with a thin caudal peduncle. A characteristic feature horsemackerel - bone plates along the entire length of the lateral line of fish, in some cases - with directed backward spikes. They are designed to protect the fish from predators, without interfering with it, while at the same time, bend the body during fast swimming.
Life scad rarely lasts more than 9 years. It feeds on small fish, zooplankton, crustaceans and cephalopods.
Black Sea mackerel
The Black Sea horse mackerel is a subspecies of the Mediterranean horse mackerel, family carangidae. Widespread in the Black Sea, meeting along its shores from May to October. Mass spawning "shallow" horse mackerel, up to 30 cm in length falls in the middle of summer. Fish has a high fertility - each mackerel produces about 150-200 thousand eggs. In its taste is superior to the Black Sea mackerel ocean, being used for the preparation of fresh, boiled, salted and canned forms.
Useful properties of horse mackerel
Scad has tender meat without small bones. Fat content of certain individuals of horse mackerel in the fall and summer is capable of up to 15%.
Calories 100 grams horsemackerel - 114 kcal, of which protein - 18, 5 g, fat - 4 5 g
This small but tasty fish is a source of vitamins, micro and macro. Chemical composition of horse mackerel:
- Vitamin A (0, 01 mg);
- Vitamin PP (7, 3 mg);
- Thiamine (vitamin B1) - 0, 17 mg;
- Riboflavin (vitamin B2) - 0, 12 mg;
- Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) - 0, 1 mg;
- Folic acid (vitamin B9) - 10 g;
- Vitamin C (1, 5 mg);
- Vitamin E (0, 9 mg);
- Vitamin PP (10 7 mg).
Scad is a source of omega-3 fatty acids - bases healthy cardiovascular system, and elements such as calcium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, sulfur, iodine, zinc, manganese, copper, fluoride, chromium, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum .
The use of horse mackerel is not exhausted support the normal functioning of the heart and blood vessels - is available in its structure improves iodine the thyroid gland, to normalize the body's metabolism, stabilize the level of hemoglobin in the blood and strengthen the immune system and increase the intellectual potential.
phosphorus - or, as it is called, "an element of cheerfulness" is beneficial to the nervous system, eliminating drowsiness, lethargy, and increasing efficiency and providing the nerve impulses to the required speed.
Because of the high mobility of mackerel contains a small amount of fat and is widely recommended by nutritionists as a useful power when atherosclerotic disease, ischemia, hypertension, and metabolic disorders.
According to some experts, as part of the meat of carnivorous fish contain high levels of mercury, causing persistent neurological disorders. Therefore, abuse of horse mackerel dishes for children and pregnant women is not recommended.
Razdelyvaya horse mackerel, necessarily remove her head: in this part of the fish accumulate harmful substances contained in seawater.
At the use of horse mackerel in the food should be subjected to thorough carcass temperature treatment, as any raw fish is a potential source of infection for many parasites.