Honeysuckle - a plant of the genus of perennial shrubs.
Familiar to us the name of honeysuckle in the wild is the expression "Wolfberry". It can be grown as a creeping, creeping or upright shrub with large fragrant flowers of bright colors (white, light blue, light pink or light yellow). The height of the bush honeysuckle can reach 2-meters and more.
The fruits or berries of honeysuckle different blue or dark blue, with a characteristic waxy coating, in the form they can be round or elongated. Honeysuckle berries are always arranged in pairs, sometimes even fusing with each other. The taste of honeysuckle berries are somewhat similar to blueberries: they are depending on the variety, can be sweet, sour, sweet or slightly bitter. Some varieties of edible honeysuckle have a taste similar to pineapple or strawberries.
In our latitude Honeysuckle ordinary or wolf berry grows everywhere. In Russia grows three kinds of edible honeysuckle:
In addition, in our country there are about 14 species of wild species of this plant. Honeysuckle rich regions such as the Far East, Sakhalin and East Siberia.
The most common varieties of edible honeysuckle grown in Russia:
- Leningrad giant;
- Blue bird;
- Blue spindle;
- Curly honeysuckle.
The main difference between the edible honeysuckle from the poisonous plant is a berry color: blue and almost black fruits can be eaten, but the berries are red and orange poisonous.
Useful properties of honeysuckle
Honeysuckle has a number of useful advantages. Because the plant blooms in early spring, honeysuckle berries are ripe at the beginning of the summer, but this time, as we know, most of the plants have not yet bear fruit.
Berry honeysuckle - owner of an unusually rich set of medicinal substances:
- Phenolic compounds;
- ascorbic acid;
- B vitamins;
- Organic acids;
- Trace elements;
On the content of magnesium Honeysuckle edible - the richest product in that it has no equal among the other plants and berries. The berry honeysuckle found the optimal combination of valuable biologically active substances, which have on the human body a powerful curative effect.
Calorie honeysuckle is about 30 calories per 100 grams of fruit.
Useful properties of honeysuckle play an important role in maintaining cardiovascular activity. Fresh berries of honeysuckle well toned body, it exerts a powerful tonic properties. Juice of honeysuckle berries relieves many skin diseases. In addition, honeysuckle berries have antiscorbutic and antiulcer action.
Useful properties of honeysuckle berries are determined not only, but also other parts of the plant. Thus, leaves, bark, buds and twigs of honeysuckle have the following properties:
The bark is going in the early spring honeysuckle and dried.
To remove the swelling and intestinal disorders (diarrhea) used decoctions and infusions of flowers and leaves of honeysuckle.
Fresh decoction of the leaves and twigs of honeysuckle is used to wash the eyes with conjunctivitis, for gargling in inflammation of the upper respiratory tract (tonsillitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, SARS). In addition, for colds diaphoretic and antipyretic properties have a decoction of the leaves and twigs of honeysuckle. Inside are an infusion of leaves of honeysuckle in dropsy and cystitis.
Fruits edible honeysuckle recommend the use in food for people who have had a nosebleed.
Thus, the beneficial properties of honeysuckle are used in folk medicine for the treatment of the following diseases:
- Vascular disease;
- Problems with the stomach, intestine and digestive system;
- Liver problems;
- Bleeding (fragility of blood vessels);
- Gallbladder disease;
Those who have a problem with the digestion of food, will also be useful to use honeysuckle berries: this will help to establish the secretory function of the stomach and increase its digestive capacity.
Many skin diseases can be treated using topically juice from the berries of honeysuckle. Thus, it can heal deep ulcers, herpes, eczema and psoriasis. Painful symptoms of rheumatism and arthritis perfectly removes hot tub with twigs and bark of the young bush. Use of decoction of twigs and bark honeysuckle helps to improve hair growth, relieve swelling. If a person has a poor appetite, a decoction of the twigs and leaves of honeysuckle can help to improve it.
Even if treated, in fact, nothing, doctors recommend eating berries of honeysuckle, drink decoctions of the leaves and flowers for preventive purposes. Regular admission will strengthen their immune system and saturate the body with vitamins, especially relevant this advice in the spring.
In addition to medicine, this plant has found its application in other areas.
Honeysuckle beautiful bush, and because it is often grown for decoration of gardens and parks. In cooking, widely used original taste of honeysuckle berries. Thus, they are used in food in the following ways:
Harm honeysuckle, contraindications to its use
The use of edible honeysuckle food in reasonable quantities are not contraindications, but if the treatment is carried out poisonous varieties, the dosage should be carefully observed, and to be very careful.
Excessive doses of the berries of honeysuckle, even edible species can trigger the following health problems:
- Secondary erythrocytosis (sharp increase in the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin in the blood);
- An allergic reaction (diathesis in young children);
- Diarrhea (frustration of a chair).