Graviola, soursop, Annona barbed - all these different names of the same tropical fruit plants guanabany. Perhaps, in our country it is not so famous, but it is well known in Bermuda and the Bahamas, its residents partake in the Caribbean and Latin America. And after the inhabitants of other continents to evaluate the taste of exotic fruit, it began to be grown in India, Sri Lanka, China, Australia and Southeast Asia. Guanabana - the plant is more than strange. It is enough to imagine a tree as tall as a two-storey house, dotted with huge fruit up to 35 cm in length and weighing up to 7 kg, which is abundant cover not only the branch, but also the trunk. And the tree blooms several times a year, exuding fragrance everywhere comparable with ylang-ylang and vanilla. What culinary and medicinal properties have guanabana?
Fruit guanabany inside and out
In the world of exotic looks always deceptive - if you saw the fruit of the prickly green soursop, you may not even have considered him an edible
. But, nevertheless, the fruit guanabany have unique taste and unusual appearance
. The size can be compared with the average melon, but unlike her soursop covered with huge soft spikes
. Immature fruits guanabany have intense green color and firm flesh, but as they mature they turn yellow and become so tender and soft that damaged if dropped
. For this reason, they are harvested and sold still unripe
. Inexperienced tourists try the fruit immediately after purchase and frustrated because guanabany unripe fruit tastes better than raw pumpkin
. However, we should give it to ripen at room temperature, it turns yellow and acquires its unique flavor
. To ensure that the fruit ripened, push it with your finger - if the surface became softer, soursop can eat
. Generally guanabany fruit can be stored for 2-3 days in the refrigerator or at room temperature, it turned yellow peel may turn black, as is the case with ripe bananas, but the flesh is not soon lose its taste and beneficial properties
. Inside lined with mature fruit guanabany pulp consistency resembling custard, the inner part of the fruit is divided into several tens of segments, each of which contains a seed, like a persimmon seeds
. It is considered toxic and are usually removed
Guanabanu, reviews gourmet dissected in half and eat with a spoon as grapefruit, or cut into slices like a watermelon. If you try it at least once a ripe soursop, you will not forget its incomparable taste. Reviews guanabane, but rather about the taste of this fruit is slightly different. Some compare him with a sour lemonade with a touch of strawberry, the other - with pineapple, strawberries and citrus. Guanabana - quite a treat calorie - 100 grams of raw products have an energy value of 94 kcal. But at the same time guanabana, reviews, does not harm the figure.
Useful properties guanabany
This fruit is not accidentally called soursop - guanabana in tropical America as common as apples in our latitudes, and in addition to the sweet taste has a rich vitamin and mineral composition. Fruits guanabany contains choline, vitamin B2, B5, B6, B9, C, PP. Because the highest concentrations of trace elements zinc, selenium, copper, manganese, iron, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium.
Like the apple of our latitudes, soursop in Latin America has a beneficial effect on the intestines. Useful properties guanabany marked improvement in liver function, normalize the acidity of the stomach, the excretion of uric acid. It is believed that in spite of the calorie, soursop promotes weight loss, and thanks to its high content of B vitamins can be used in complex treatment of degenerative diseases of the spine and neurological ailments nature.
Extract guanabany has a universal antiseptic properties, it can be used as an antiviral, antimalarial, antifungal and anti-parasitic agent. Although bone guanabany considered poisonous, oil derived from them is used as a natural remedy protivopedikuleznoe. The roots of the plant are used as a sedative and antispasmodic, and tea leaves has a soporific effect.
Myths about soursop
Guanabany fetus has been actively credited with anti-cancer properties, which causes around the fruit of the tree unhealthy excitement. According to some is considered that the extract soursops destroys the malignant cells of 12 types of cancer, including cancer of the prostate, breast, lung, pancreas, colon. Due to the fact that among the useful properties guanabany unexpectedly anticancer effect in the domestic pharmaceutical market there are a variety of expensive dietary supplements, containing in its composition of an extract of the fruit. However, in the instructions to such drugs, says nothing about the anti-cancer properties, such supplements are positioned as a source of flavonoids and vitamins.
Of course, like any other product in guanabany have contraindications. For example, because of the high content of calcium soursop pulp is not recommended for pregnant women, abuse of fruits, according to the Latin American scientists, can lead to Parkinson's disease. The seeds of this exotic fruit, the eating, can cause poisoning, and if the juice from the seeds fall into the eyes, it can cause blindness in some cases.
However, one wonderful feature of fruits guanabany have certain - it is a delicate sweet flavor. Mature guanabany pulp separated from the seeds is used in the preparation of desserts, combined with sugar and cream, refreshing and soft drinks, and the extract is used to flavor tea. Whatever it was, and try this amazing fruit stands.